Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

526_navy_open_both__12525.jpg With the building of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Throughout this period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that flowed beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were placed along its length when it was first developed. Whilst these manholes were created to make it less difficult to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to meet his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Architecture and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive strategies. The barren fortresses did not provide for the peaceful avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most uncorrupted model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A monumental terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

From Where Did Fountains Begin?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Water fountains

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. It is important to clean it out and remove any debris or foreign objects that might have fallen into or onto it. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is susceptible to growing algae. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to avoid this issue.

Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can sicken wild animals and so should really be avoided.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every 3-4 months. Before cleaning, all the water must be taken out. Then use a soft towel and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any little grooves, grab a toothbrush to get each and every spot. Make sure all the soap is completely cleaned off.

Various organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

How Many Variations of Garden Water Fountains Can I Choose From?

Gardens are great places to take a break from the day-to-day routine and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. If you are planning to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the work it takes to do it properly.

A beautiful garden will boost any property value, as “curb appeal” is vital to the market value. Experts recommend adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a charming water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A water fountain can make a substantial difference to the charm and tranquility of your garden. Where you once had a simple area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming retreat, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. Your fountain will immediately turn into the centerpiece of your garden or yard.

A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

Since water makes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective characteristics stemming from dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to light up your new feature. Eco-lights powered by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to brighten your backyard at night. The comforting effect produced by these is oftentimes used in nature techniques to alleviate anxiety and stress.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to blend in your water feature. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Water features make great additions to both large gardens or small patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to better the atmosphere.


Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges
Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, commenced delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had depended on natural springs up until then. Over this time period, there... read more
Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But before focusing on home-life or... read more
The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall Water Fountains
One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Allowing the water to go below... read more
Fountains for Tight Spots
Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic area to blend in your water feature. Your pond, artificial waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. ... read more
The History of Outdoor Water Fountains
During his time in control (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V authorized scores of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Turning the... read more
A Back Story of Outdoor Water Fountains
During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V authorized scores of translations of ancient Greek classics into Latin. In addition, beautifying ... read more