The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons experienced great adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But yet there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had overcome the whole region. twf028-ld__25647.jpg Most often designed upon windy summits, castles were fundamental constructs that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The calm method of gardening was impractical in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most pristine style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

With the building of the first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies around at the time to supply water to spots of higher elevation. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the new approach of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were built at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Though they were initially developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it couldn't provide sufficient water. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residential property.

Everything You Will Need for an Outdoor Fountain

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a convenient water source and an electrical outlet nearby.

The practical side of setting one up is often disregarded because people get so focused on the wonder of it. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to connect an extension cord to reach the closest 120v outlet. You will also require a water source close by so that you can conveniently fill your water fountain. Transporting water is difficult and laborious. If you have thought about it before installation, having a hose close by will make the task of filling the fountain much simpler. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to look into getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much simpler in the long run.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Beginnings

The amazing or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as delivering drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Wall Fountains

Placing a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. You can have one made to suit your specifications even if you have a minimum amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted styles. There are any number of models to pick from most notably conventional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Stand-alone wall fountains, commonly known as floor fountains, are noticeably big and feature a basin on the ground.

A stand-alone water feature can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

The Plusses of Disappearing Water Elements in your Backyard

The other term for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The source of the water is not visible since it is below the surface of the ground. Disappearing fountains should be installed near any place people hang out often, as they add so much to the surrounding area. It is easy to find the design that is right for you, as there are so many to pick from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

Disappearing fountains also come with many benefits. There is no big pool of water that could pose a risk to anyone since the water comes from below the ground. As such, it is safe for children to play near it. Evaporating water is also not a concern since the water supply is not out in the open. Therefore, your fountain will not waste as much water as other kinds of fountains. The water source will remain clean and free of debris since it is underground and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit almost any place you wish.


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