Where did Garden Water Fountains Begin?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. or-107__06636.jpg Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

With the manufacturing of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Throughout this time period, there were only two other technologies capable of supplying water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. During the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. Though they were originally manufactured to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to gather water from the channel, commencing when he acquired the property in 1543. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to gather rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

Water Fountains: Fundamental in any Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens usually have a water element. They tend to be put right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, collects the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. People generally make them appear weathered and worn, even when they are new. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

If you are looking for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. The aim is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Larger water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Lots of people include a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain.

Potential alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. You can also collect flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

A Real Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian antiquities in Rome have come upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The celebrated marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was bleak and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water feature for the area. August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s infrastructure commenced.

The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Perfect Multi-Tiered Fountain for your Backyard

Fountains with multiple tiers can be seen just about anywhere and have been featured in gardens for ages. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain typically have countless tiered fountains. Public squares and building courtyards are very popular places where you will see tiered fountains. Tiered fountains come in a wide variety of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively simple types.

While they can be found just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic surroundings. The fountain should blend right into the surroundings as if it has been there since the beginning.

A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear bigger than it is. In order to attain the optimum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. If your purpose is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in various colors and shapes will do the trick. Solar powered eco-lights are excellent during the day and underwater lights are perfect for nighttime use. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to lessen anxiety and tension with their calming sounds.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to become the core piece of your backyard. Examples of areas where you can install a water feature include large yards or small patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are important if you want to improve the atmosphere.


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