The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century greatly modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Engineering and horticulture were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder constructions than monasteries: Monasteries were often immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. kay-96055__03728.jpg The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace intended for strolling and as a means to stop attackers from mining under the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a picturesque bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

The Myriad Designs of Wall Water Fountains

Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to install wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your wishes. If you are looking for a unique design, a custom-made one can be specially made to fit your specifications.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are available on the market. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained versions which can be placed on a wall. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be lightweight, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to replicate the look of stone.

Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. There are no weight constraints on these sorts of cast stone water features.

Many skilled landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it right. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Enrich Your Backyard with the Help of Feng Shui

Feel the health benefits of feng shui by incorporating its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not especially important when introducing feng shui design to it. Of course, a big area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

Feng shui methods are identical whether you are working in your garden or your residence. In order to know the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first need to know your home’s bagua.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to maximize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast section of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A Zen garden with some pretty natural rocks is ideal for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Give some thought to incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Disappearing Fountains: A Few of the Benefits of Having one in your Garden

Disappearing fountains occasionally go by the term “pondless” fountains. The water comes from a covered supply, hence the name. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out regularly, as they add so much to the surrounding area. It is not difficult to find the style that is right for you, as there are so many to pick from such as millstones, ceramic urns, waterfalls, and also those with granite columns.

There are many distinctive benefits to a disappearing fountain contrary to other fountains. Since the water source is below ground, there is no open water to pose a risk to those around it.

As such, it is safe for children to be near it. Moreover, no water will evaporate because it is not exposed to the open air. This means you will lose less water than if you had another style of fountain. This type of fountain is ideal if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither dirt nor algae can get to it underground. Finally, due to its smaller size, it is less difficult to fit it where you want it than other types of fountains.

Typical Water Fountains Seen in Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The water passes through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin underneath. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been out of doors for a long time. People want their fountain to seem as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

If you are hoping for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss slowly covers the stones, it starts to look even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Lots of people include a koi pond or a small stream as a final touch.

There are other alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. The semblance of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

The Extraordinary Santa Maria in Cosmedin Waterwork in Rome

Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. Work on the church's infrastructure commenced on on August 11, 1717. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.


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