The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. a_538__91109.jpg However, there was no time for home life, domestic design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures built in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. The calm practice of gardening was impractical in these dismal bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most untouched illustration we have. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. As a technique of deterring attackers from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. A scenic bowling green, enveloped in grass and bordered by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, makes one of the terraces.

Alluring Garden Multi-Level Water Fountains

For many years now now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, most notably in gardens. The countries in the southern region of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. Common places to spot them are in courtyards and city squares. While some tiered fountains have sophisticated designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very basic.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more conventional setting is sometimes more appropriate.

It should appear as if the fountain has been part of the decoration since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out providing the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it easier to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to satisfy his needs. By using an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was in a position to satisfy his water desires.

Ways to Incorporate the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Backyard

Incorporating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

Do not be concerned if your yard is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. If you have a lush, eye-catching one, that is great, but even a small area works well with feng shui design.

The principal feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an off-shoot of your home’s bagua, so it is essential to determine your home’s first.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is vital to start by learning how to bolster each of its five elements.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy. This could be the perfect spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water feature is a great add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Large Garden Fountains

It is vital to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform properly.

It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is essential. Also, algae has a tendency to build up any place natural light meets water. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. Bleach can also be put into the water, however this is not the ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should undergo a good cleaning. First off you must remove the water. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean the interior of the reservoir. A useful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are tiny hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap residue in or on the fountain.

Various organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to scrub. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you do not want that!

The Myriad Designs of Wall Fountains

You can create a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small area. When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are available on the market. Small, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be installed on any surface. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are typically light so they can be easily hung. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin positioned on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Water features such as these are ordinarily made of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

Landscape professionals often recommend a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the necessary plumbing. It is also necessary to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. A custom-built wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a cohesive appearance.


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