Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian relics on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. The part of town where it was located was depressing and bleak which generally kept visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. 115125-11603__74978.jpg August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s infrastructure commenced. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Monasteries and castles served separate functions, so while monasteries were massive stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive practices. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most unscathed sample we have. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. As a technique of deterring attackers from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Early Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome

With the building of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to depend solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Throughout the length of the aqueduct’s route were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access.

The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t supply a sufficient amount of water. To provide himself with a much more effective system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Multiple Types of Wall Fountains

You can find tranquility and quiet when you add a wall fountain in your garden or patio. You can also make use of a small area by having one customized. The requisite elements include a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump regardless of whether it is freestanding or secured. There are many different varieties available on the market including traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian.

Usually quite big, freestanding wall fountains, also referred to as floor fountains, have their basins on the floor.

It is possible to incorporate a wall-mounted fountain onto an already existent wall or built into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Water Fountains: Important in any Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is whole without a water element. You will often find Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is generally simple.

Moreover, water fountains with built-in bamboo spouts are very popular. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically crafted of natural rocks, and water trickles out. People usually make them look weathered and worn, even when they are new. It is important that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it.

As you can probably deduce, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss progressively covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

If you are lucky enough to have a big section of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Consider adding a delightful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Japanese fountains, though, do not really need to have water in them. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to create the illusion of moving water.

Disappearing Water Features: A Few of the Plusses of Having one in your Garden

The name “pondless fountain” is one other way to call a disappearing fountain. You cannot see where the water comes from, as it is below ground. Any spot where there are people, such as a walking path, is ideal for a disappearing fountain since it adds pleasing sounds and a lovely visual effect. They are available in an array of distinct styles including waterfalls, columns made of granite, ceramic pots, and millstones.

There are many distinctive advantages to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. There is no big pool of water that could pose a threat to anyone since the water comes from beneath the ground. This means that youngsters can safely play around it. Additionally, since the water is located underground, none of it is lost to evaporation. This type of fountain, therefore, is a good choice for areas where there is a need to reduce water consumption. This type of fountain is recommended if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither debris nor algae can get to it underground. Lastly, it is simpler to find a place for it because of its small size.


The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Architecture and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the... read more
The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Wall fountains
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage... read more
The Multiple Kinds of Wall Water Fountains
On the other hand, a fountain attached to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. The look of your landscape will... read more
The Multiple Types of Wall Water Fountains
On the other hand, a fountain affixed to a wall can be added onto an existing wall or fit into a new wall. A unified look can be achieved with this style of fountain because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element. read more