A Genuine Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. twf131-ei__96111.jpg The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11. 1717 was when work on the church’s foundation began. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Demand for Water Features in Japanese Backyards

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not include a water element. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are regarded as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very common. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically constructed of natural rocks, and water trickles out. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it.

Clearly this fountain is much more than just a pretty add-on.

If you are hoping for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain crafted of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

If you are lucky enough to have a big section of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a wandering brook.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Many people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. You can also gather flat stones and place them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Large Outdoor Water Fountains and their Roots

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes.

To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Perfect Multi-Level Water Feature for your Backyard

Gardens are typical places to showcase a tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have lots of multi-level fountains. The courtyards of buildings and public squares are just two the places you might see one. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most sophisticated tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

Any area can be enhanced with one, even though a more conventional setting is sometimes more appropriate.

The fountain should look as old as the rest of the area and fit in accordingly.

Water Delivery Solutions in Ancient Rome

Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, citizens who dwelled on hills had to go even further down to gather their water from natural sources. Throughout this period, there were only 2 other technologies capable of delivering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water demands. To give himself with a much more effective means to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Dogs, Cats and Backyard Fountains

Give some thought to how your cat or dog may react to a water feature before you get one. A pet dog or cat may think that a stand-alone fountain is a big pool or a drinking pond. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a water element in your backyard. Think about the ideal spot to put your water feature if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Add a birdbath if your goal is to draw birds to your yard.

To prevent this, however, installing a wall water fountain inside your residence is a great option. Exclusive homes, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ offices, often have such fountains on show.


Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles
With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent... read more
Keep Your Fountain Tidy
One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level falls below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out -... read more
The Vast Array of Exterior Fountains
Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. ... read more
Pick from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Designs
Landscape designers often recommend a customized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the required plumbing. ... read more