Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Waterwork Worthy of Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. b-047__15614.jpg Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and located far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and neglected part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

The Popularity of Fountains in Japanese Backyards

Japanese gardens typically feature a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. Since water is the most essential component of any Japanese fountain, the design is usually simple.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains.

Underneath the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Clearly this fountain is much more than simply a nice add-on.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Bigger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Think about adding a beautiful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Lots of people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. The illusion of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Forms and Sizes

Have you ever thought about converting your garden into an oasis of tranquility? Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

A eye-catching impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Large, existing ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. These sorts of fountains are often found in parks or historical manor homes.

Outdoor water features come in different forms, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. Even with a smallish backyard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Whereas spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a wonderfully textured wall, before being received at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Putting in a fountain with a motif depends totally on the style of your garden. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and intrepid.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water flows down multiple levels. Water flows down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require ample space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of water features are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this model of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Fountains made of glass are another type on the market.

A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. As the water flows over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water gently flowing down its façade.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is employed to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as gentle trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Gardens with little space are good spots to include this style of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide range of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

The Attraction of Container Herb Gardens

To make the perfect herb garden, try container gardening. People who enjoy spending time in the kitchen or the garden usually find themselves drawn to the world of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants give immediate delight since they can be used in everyday dishes such as soups and marinades. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you have planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be placed inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take delight in your herbs all 12 months long. Harvest times vary for herbs given that each type will have a different rate of growth. Herb gardening demands some fortitude, as can be likely for any new venture. Do not expect to necessarily see results on the first or second day, but it is important to tend to an herb garden with consistency as things will develop with time.

Interestingly one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were only terraced rooftop gardens. These waterproof rooftop gardens were intended to be built all-around a mammoth stone underpinning that would encircle the vast storage rooms underneath. Water came to the terraces by using hydraulic devices and the soil was deep enough to grow trees with ease.

Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were preferred plants.

A Back Story of Wall Fountains

During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the intellectual Pope Nicholas V authorized scores of translations of ancient Greek classics into Latin. In addition, embellishing the city and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the core of his objectives. The decaying Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his behest. The mostra, a monumental dedicatory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a practice also revived by Nicholas V. The interesting origins of the Trevi Fountain date back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The changes, as well as the extensions included in the repaired aqueduct, ultimately made it possible to provide the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

The Advantages of Pondless Fountains in your Yard

Disappearing fountains also go by the term “pondless” fountains. It is known as “disappearing” since the water source is under ground. Disappearing fountains should be positioned near any place people hang out regularly, as they add so much to the surrounding area. They come in a wide array of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

Disappearing fountains also come with many added merits. Since the water source is underground, there is no exposed water to pose a danger to those around it. Consequently, it presents no risk to children. Moreover, you will not need to worry about losing water to evaporation since it is stored underground. Therefore, your fountain will not waste as much water as other styles of fountains. The water source will remain clean and free of debris since it is underground and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, you can have one just about anywhere given that it takes up so little room.


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Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. During this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of supplying water... read more
The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Architecture and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the... read more
A Chronicle of Wall Fountains
As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of important writings from their original Greek into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city worthy of being called the seat of the... read more
A Chronicle of Outdoor Fountains
During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V commissioned countless of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Turning the city into the worthy capital of the Christian community was... read more
The Many Styles of Wall Fountains
You can choose to place your wall-mounted fountain on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. Incorporating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making... read more
The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains
The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly widespread. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty... read more