The Stupendous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain in Rome

Incredible discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. win940_dw46108__33955.jpg Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first stone.

Animals and Outdoor Fountains

If you are thinking about getting a water feature, ensure that your pets like it. Pets such as dogs could mistake your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool down in or a pond from which to drink. Your treasured pets will probably take well to a fountain feature in your outdoor area. You should take into account the fact that birds may think they have found a new place to bathe when they notice your fountain so think carefully where you put it. Setting up a birdbath is a great alternative if you want birds to check out your garden, however. Wall water features are excellent for indoor use as well if you want to sidestep these problems. Dentists’ and doctors’ offices as well as stately homes are just a few of the places where you can find these types of fountains.

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started providing the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, even though they had relied on natural springs up till then. During this period, there were only two other techniques capable of offering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some nine years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were previously designed for the objective of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct.

Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t provide a sufficient amount of water. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to suit his water wants.

Factors to Know When Putting in a Garden Fountain

When planning where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. People sometimes forget the technical information because they get caught up in the excitement of setting up their newest purchase. The majority of power cords are 12 feet long and call for a 120v outdoor outlet, though an extension cord can always be added. A practical place to get water is vital since you will need to fill your fountain. Carrying large amounts of water requires strength so you do not want to have to haul it a long way. The simplest way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. A water fountain autofill is yet another solution, but will require the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

The Prevalence of Water Features in Japanese Backyards

You will never see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains because the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. Under the bamboo spout is usually a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. It must have a worn-down, weathered look and feel as well. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a pretty add-on.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel.

In time, as moss gradually covers the stones, it starts to look even more natural-looking.

Bigger water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Charming add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

However, water does not need to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain. It is acceptable to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The illusion of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Integrate the Energy of Feng Shui into Your Garden

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help circulate its energy into your home and your life.

Size is not the main consideration when adding feng shui design to your yard. A huge space is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are the same whether you are working in your garden or your residence. In order to learn the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first want to know your home’s bagua.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is crucial to start by understanding how to strengthen each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast portion of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water element is a perfect addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).


The First Modern Outdoor Water Fountains
Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Continuing in his quest to make the city worthy of... read more
Choose from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Designs
You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the panorama rather than an afterthought. read more
How Much Do Pets Benefit from Water Features
House pets may be wary of a new water feature so be certain to take them into account before getting one. Pets such as dogs could mistake your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Consider ... read more
Things You Will Need for a Garden Water Element
A water source and an electrical outlet are two important items that many people do not consider when determining where they want to setup their... read more
Outdoor Water Elements: Installment Tips
When considering where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. People sometimes fail to remember the technical ... read more