Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Beginnings

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or jet high into the air. win454__91599.jpg Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller depictions of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

A Glimpse into the Origins of Wall Fountains

Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He also undertook the embellishment of the city to turn it into the true capital of the Christian world. Beginning in 1453, he called for the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had transported clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Nicholas V also embarked on the building of mostras, an old Roman tradition of putting up grand public fountains to indicate the terminal point of an aqueduct. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The modifications, as well as the extensions included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually made it possible to supply the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

Backyard Water Fountains: The Designs From Which to Pick

A garden can be a small oasis, providing you a serene place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. There is nothing as wonderful as one to chill out in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. The value of your home will go up with a lovely garden area, as it will maximize the “curb appeal” of the property. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or building a water feature.

A significant improvement to your garden can be achieved by putting in a water fountain. It will transform a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. The sounds of a water fountain make for a soothing environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will entice. The rest of the garden will immediately become just background to the charming new fountain.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons felt incredible adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. Most often built upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward structures that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most pristine model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is rumored to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling beneath the walls, an immense terrace encompasses the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Commonplace Water Features Found in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water feature.

Since Japanese water fountains are considered emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the focus is supposed to be on the water itself.

Bamboo is a widely accepted material to use for spouts and therefore often integrated into water fountains. Under the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it trickles down from the spout. In addition, it is essential to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. As you can perhaps surmise, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. Over the years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

Bigger water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Give some thought to adding a delightful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

The Ideal Tiered Water Element for your Backyard

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and popular above all in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain generally have many tiered fountains. While they can be seen anywhere, they are most prevalent in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather. Tiered fountains come in a wide array of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively basic types.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more traditional setting is sometimes more suitable. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the decor and blend in accordingly.


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