The Pull of Tiered Water Elements

or-158__99187.jpg Fountains with multiple levels can be found just about anywhere and have been featured in gardens for ages. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain typically have lots of tiered fountains. Typical places to spot them are in courtyards and piazzas. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

While they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic surroundings. If done right, anyone seeing the fountain will think it has been there forever.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. If inhabitants living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing systems of the time, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Throughout the time of its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were located at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were provided to make it less difficult to sustain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he obtained the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't produce sufficient water. To give himself with a more practical way to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the designer. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles.

To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Nowadays, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

The Multiple Styles of Wall Fountains

Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a terrace is great when you seek to relax. Additionally, it can be made to fit into any wall space since it does not take up much room. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted styles. There are many different styles available on the market including traditional, fashionable, classical, or Asian.

Usually quite large, freestanding wall fountains, also referred to as floor fountains, have their basins on the floor.

A wall-mounted water feature can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. The look of your landscape will seem more unified instead of disjointed when you install this kind of water feature.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Water Features

Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a paradise of serenity? Integrating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much difficulty. You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

Wall fountains are an excellent illustration of outdoor wall features. Such water features make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains leave an understated impression, contrary to the big effect created by spouting fountains. In a very straightforward process, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are perfect when the design of your yard allows for them. In a rustic themed cottage or yard, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. On the other hand, a more contemporary garden can include more of a bold design. Let your mind run free to decide on the best option.

The central attribute of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Due to the water moving down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, put up a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Since the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Serenity and well-being are a few of the key sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this kind of water feature.

A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

One of the many styles of fountain available is the glass fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional feel. Water features such as these are best suited to yards with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A wondrous effect is produced when water flows down the sheets of glass. LED lights are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a possible option for your garden.

A large rock drilled with holes which then has tubes inserted into it is what distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being pushed upward at low pressure. Water then flows as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base.

This type of fountain is ideally suitable for little gardens. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it prevents water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be rapidly trendy. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial impact on our environment. There is no need to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs available on the market.

A Glimpse into the Origins of Fountains

The Roman scholar Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) decided to have hundreds of historic Greek texts translated into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he decided to enhance the beauty of the city as well. Beginning in 1453, he called for the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a wrecked Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Nicholas V also resurrected the Roman custom of installing grand fountains, known as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area formerly filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included changes and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.


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