A Magnificent Illustration of Roman Talent: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Feature

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Found in the portico of the nearby basilica one can see the acclaimed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. alp_gxt516__78919.jpg It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to design a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also tossed in.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the rest of the population. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were basic structures that enabled their inhabitants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently installed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most uncorrupted model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants attempting to excavate under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and bordered by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

The Plusses of Having Self-Contained Fountains

Self-Contained fountains are cheaper and simple to install and are therefore quite common. The plumbing, pump, and other materials come with the fountain. Fountains that come with their own water supply are also referred to as “self-contained”.

Self-contained water fountains are rather easy to install making them the ideal option for your patio or veranda. Due to the fact that they are easily moveable, it is easy to relocate them whenever you want.

The spot you want to put your fountain will need to be even, so your landscaper will need to first determine if this is the case. If your landscaper thinks the surface is too bumpy, he can always level it for you. Your water feature is now prepared for installation and the addition of water. The final thing still to do is to connect it to a power source such as batteries, a wall socket, or a solar panel, and it will be operational.

Anyone who does not have direct access to a wellspring or external plumbing should think about a self-contained fountain. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and put them right in the center, although they can really go anywhere in the garden. You can buy them in myriad different materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Guidelines for Installing an Outdoor Water Fountain

A lot of people forget about the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when contemplating where to put their garden fountain. The practical side of setting one up is often disregarded because people get so focused on the beauty of it. Do not forget that an extension cord can be handy if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the typical length of power cords. Install your fountain in a place close to a water source as you will need to fill it. It is challenging to move water from one location to another. The best way to fill the fountain is with a nearby garden hose.

If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much simpler in the long run.

Introduce the Power of Feng Shui into Your Yard

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its beneficial energy into your home as well.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not especially important when incorporating feng shui design to it. It is great to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still incorporate feng shui design.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the methods are the same. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to begin by understanding the bagua of the house.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is important to start by comprehending how to bolster each of its five elements.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should include in the northeast part of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

People thinking about including a water element into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

The Countless Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Turn your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of serenity. You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of tranquility.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a spectacular impression. Large, preexisting ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. Esplanades and historical stately homes often have one these water features.

Select a fashionable wall fountain to put outdoors. These kinds of fountains make great water features even if you only have a little garden.

Wall fountains leave a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. In a very simple procedure, the water flows out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends completely on the layout of your garden. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Something special and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and audacious.

Water spills down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Due to the water running down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Japanese fountains are believed to lend a sense of tranquility and well-being. Bamboo sticks function as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains made of glass are another type on the market. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern forms and designs. As the water streams over the top of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows down on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water gently cascading down its façade.

The feature which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This is yet another option for gardens with restricted space. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The reasons for this are varied, from the lack of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in a multitude of varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.


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