The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Castles were more fundamental designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Relaxing pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. twf034-ld__87434.jpg Berkeley Castle is possibly the most intact model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is reported to have been invented during the time of William the Conqueror. As a technique of deterring assailants from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

From Where Did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Bronze or stone masks of animals and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise.

Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains built to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern fountains are used to embellish community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The Attraction of Container Herb Gardening

Container gardening is the best method to cultivate herbs. If you like being in the kitchen or yard, you will probably be drawn to the world of herbs. Herbs bring immediate enjoyment as they can be used in any recipe, and they are extremely easy to grow. An herb garden is easy to preserve once it is growing, and once autumn starts to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily be relocated - so they will last all winter long. Harvest times change for herbs as each type will have a different rate of growth. Patience is necessary for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Thought results might not be noticeable straight away, it is vital to continue taking care of an herb garden as it takes time.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were simply terraced roofs full of vegetation. They were designed to be water-proof and placed over a big, curved stone substructure with large storage rooms underneath. The terrace soil was compact enough to efficiently grow trees and water from deep wells revitalized the plants by way of hydraulic devices. The plants most typically grown on the terraces were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Keeping Your Landscape Fountain Tidy

It is important to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, because sunshine hitting the water allows it to form quickly. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular dilemma.

Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, however this is not the ideal option because it can hurt birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should go through a serious cleaning. First off you must remove the water. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any tiny crevasses. Make sure all the soap is totally rinsed off.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and get rid of any plankton or calcium. Letting it soak in vinegar for a couple of hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain working smoothly. Low water levels can damage the pump - and you don't want that!

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Styles on the Market

You can create a place to relax as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small area. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are appealing to you.

Depending on your needs, you can pick from mounted or freestanding models. Small, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be installed on any surface. Fountains of this kind need to be light, therefore, they are typically made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin positioned on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Many qualified landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it correctly. A fountain mask or a spout also needs to be incorporated into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Experiencing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come upon a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited.

It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water feature to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The task of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.


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