A Fabulous Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a sad and desolate part of the city. As part of a project to revitalize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. or-121-pd-153__82434.jpg Work on the church's infrastructure commenced on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a paradise of peace? The soothing feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains leave a striking impression. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much trouble. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. Even with a smallish backyard, it is feasible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains are not flashy water features as compared to a spouting fountain. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a wonderfully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Putting in a fountain with a motif depends completely on the layout of your garden. In a rustic themed bungalow or garden, a classical styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Modern gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something interesting and intrepid.

The main trait of tiered fountains is the multiple levels spewing out water. Due to the water running down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. In this style of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional feel. Water features of this type are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design.

A wondrous effect is created when water streams down the sheets of glass. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a viable option for your garden.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has pipes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. Little gardens are perfect for this sort of fountain. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly widespread. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in a multitude of varying styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to purchase.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The introduction of the Normans in the later half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.

But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Gardening, a placid occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace meant for exercising and as a means to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and enclosed by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

Do Animals Enjoy Outdoor Fountains?

Think about how your pet may respond to a water feature before you buy one. A pet dog or cat could think that a freestanding fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond. Think about fitting a water fountain in your backyard since it is a feature that will impact your much loved pets favorably. Think about the best spot to put your water feature if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Install a birdbath if your aim is to draw birds to your garden.

The indoor use of wall water fountains is completely possible if wish to prevent these issues. These sorts of fountains are perfect for dental and medical practices, not to mention stately homes.

The Varied Styles in Outdoor Water Features

When you want to chill out for a bit and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect spot. Although there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and made, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; think about adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some special statues.

A significant improvement to your garden can be realized by putting in a water fountain. Where you once had a plain area, you will now enjoy an outdoor wonderland. The mood of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will entice. Your fountain will immediately turn into the main feature of your garden or yard.

Water Transport Strategies in Ancient Rome

With the building of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technologies around at the time to supply water to spots of higher elevation. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the new process of redirecting the motion from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Through its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the some nine years he possessed the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were actually built for the goal of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct.

The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water requirements. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residential property.


The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
Anglo-Saxons experienced great adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the... read more
Keep Your Fountain Clean
Low water levels can damage the pump - and you don't want that! read more
Keeping Your Outdoor Water fountain Tidy
One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the... read more