A True Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

win738__11655.jpg Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water feature to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

A Glimpse into the Roots of Fountains

During his rule (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the learned Pope Nicholas V commissioned countless of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Making the city into the deserving capital of the Christian world was important to him, so he also took steps to enhance it. The decaying Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water in the into the capital city from numerous miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his behest. Nicholas V also reinstated the Roman convention of installing imposing fountains, known as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by him to put up a wall fountain where we now find the wondrous Trevi Fountain. The water which ultimately supplied the Trevi Fountain, as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the rebuilt and altered aqueduct.

Ways Feng Shui Make Your Garden into an Oasis

Introducing feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not particularly important when introducing feng shui design to it. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always introduce feng shui design.

The primary feng shui tools can be utilized for your interior decor as well as your garden design. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an extension of your house's bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

Before getting started, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can make the most of their energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy. A Zen garden with some pretty natural rocks is ideal for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

A water element is a perfect add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

Design Ideas for Outdoor Water Fountains

If you want to chill out for a moment and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect place. There is nothing as lovely as one to chill out in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. The value of your home will appreciate with a lovely garden area, as it will maximize the “curb appeal” of the property. Experts advise adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a lovely water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A water fountain can drastically transform the aesthetics of a garden. A place of balance and serenity will appear from what was at first just a simple spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming retreat, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local creatures. All eyes will now be focussed on the beautiful fountain.

Water Delivery Solutions in Early Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started out supplying the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations available at the time to supply water to areas of high elevation. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they utilized the brand-new approach of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network.

As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the roughly 9 years he owned the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were initially established for the objective of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. He didn’t get enough water from the cistern that he had constructed on his residential property to obtain rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Consider Getting a Stand-Alone Water Feature for Your Yard

People like contained fountains for their simple installation and low cost. You do not need any other components because they all come included with the instructions for your fountain. Another name for a fountain having its own water supply is known as “self-contained”.

If you are looking for an easy-to-install water fountain for a patio or deck, a self-contained model is definitely recommended.

They are effortlessly transportable too in case you later choose to move it somewhere else.

The landscaper will first check that the spot where you want your fountain to go is even. Any bumps can quickly be leveled by your landscaper. You are now prepared to position your water feature and fill it with water. The only thing still to do is to connect it to a power source such as batteries, a wall socket, or a solar panel, and it will be set to go.

The best alternative for anyone who wants convenience and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and put them right in the middle, although they can really go anywhere in the garden. There is a variety of materials that can be used to make them including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.


Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles
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The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
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The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans surpassed the... read more
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Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to incorporate in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make... read more
A Glimpse into the Beginnings of Outdoor Fountains
As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to mandate translations of invaluable writings from their original Greek into Latin. Continuing in his... read more