From Where Did Garden Water Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. kay-74220__31068.jpg Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced supplying the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then. When aqueducts or springs weren’t accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to supply water to Pincian Hill. All through the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. Though they were primarily planned to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, starting when he acquired the property in 1543. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. To provide himself with a much more streamlined system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.

The ability of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were fundamental constructs that allowed their occupants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The serene method of gardening was unlikely in these dismal bastions. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants wanting to dig under the castle walls. A picturesque bowling green, covered in grass and enclosed by battlements cut out of an ancient yew hedge, forms one of the terraces.

The Various Types of Garden Water Features

Gardens are great places to take a break from the day-to-day routine and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. While it is not a simple undertaking to build one, you will be grateful you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your real estate will be driven up when you set up an eye-catching garden. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or including a water feature.

A water fountain can make a substantial difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. Where you once had a plain area, you will now enjoy an outdoor wonderland. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming haven, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local critters. Before you know it, the whole garden or yard will have a new center of attention.

Animals and Outdoor Fountains

Give some thought to how your cat or dog may respond to a water feature before you buy one. A pet dog or cat could think that a stand-alone fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond. Your pets will not be negatively affected if you include a wall fountain to your yard. You should take into account the fact that birds might think they have found a new place to bathe when they see your fountain so think well where you put it. If you wish to deliberately attract birds, however, putting in a birdbath is an ideal solution. To prevent this, however, putting in a wall water fountain inside your home is a great alternative. Dentists’ and doctors’ offices as well as manor homes are just a few of the areas where you can find these types of fountains.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Outdoor Wall Fountains

In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such debris. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can form. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular dilemma. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can hurt wild animals and so should really be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive maintaining of a fountain. To start with you must remove the water.

Then use a soft rag and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. Feel free to use a toothbrush if necessary for any smaller crevasses. Do not leave any soap deposits inside of or on the fountain.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to scrub. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain components that will accumulate inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!


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