A Chronicle of Outdoor Water Fountains

During his time in control (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the learned Pope Nicholas V commissioned countless of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. twfs013__89973.jpg Continuing in his quest to make the city worthy of being called the seat of the Christian world, he resolved to embellish the beauty of the city as well. In 1453 he initiated the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from many miles away. The mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a practice also restored by Nicholas V. The interesting background of the Trevi Fountain go back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had rebuilt included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

A Magnificent Illustration of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure.

The part of town where it was situated was depressing and bleak which was enough to keep people away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to put down the foundation of the church. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons encountered incredible adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and gardening were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their citizens devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace meant for walking and as a way to stop attackers from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Commonplace Water Fountains Seen in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very popular. The basin, which tends to be built of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. It must have a worn-down, weathered look as well.

It is essential that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural environment, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a pretty add-on.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss gradually covers the stones, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Bigger water features can be created if there is enough open land. Lots of people put in a koi pond or a tiny stream as a final touch.

However, water does not need to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Lots of people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a rippling brook.

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

With the building of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at raised elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s network were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. While these manholes were manufactured to make it less difficult to conserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it couldn't supply a sufficient amount of water. To give himself with a much more practical means to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Alluring Garden Tiered Fountains

Gardens are common places to put up a tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable.

Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain typically have countless tiered fountains. The courtyards of buildings and public squares are just two the areas you might find one. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most sophisticated tiered fountains, while others have much simpler designs.

People love to include them in places having a classic look and feel. The fountain should blend right into the environment as if it has been there since the start.


Stand-Alone Fountains: Are They Convenient?
Since it is free-standing and does not necessitate an alternative water source or plumbing, a self-contained fountain is optimal for anyone looking for ease and convenience. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and position them right... read more
Water Fountains: A Must in any Japanese Gardens
Japanese fountains, though, do not necessarily need to have water in them. Potential alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. You can also collect ... read more
The Prevalence of Water Elements in Japanese Backyards
Japanese fountains, though, do not really need to have water in them. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. You can also collect flat... read more
The Different Styles in Outdoor Water Fountains
A water fountain can make a significant difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. It will change a plain area into a gorgeous ... read more
Alluring Garden Multi-Tiered Fountains
Traditional or classic surroundings are great spots for them. If done right, anyone seeing the fountain will think it has been there for a long time. read more
Tiered Water Elements for your Yard
Traditional or classic surroundings are perfect spots for them. It should appear as if the fountain has been part of the decor since the beginning and should blend in accordingly. read more