The Origins Of Fountains

The dramatic or ornamental effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property. or-124__81574.jpg

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to decorate their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

The Advantages of Disappearing Water Fountains in your Backyard

Another term for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. It is referred to as “disappearing” because the water source is under ground. Disappearing fountains should be put near any place people hang out often, as they add so much to the surrounding area. They are available in a wide array of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many reasons to give some thought to buying a disappearing fountain. Since the water source is underground, there is no surface water to pose a threat to those around it. That said, you will not have to stress out about the well-being of your children. Additionally, since the water is stored underground, none of it is lost to evaporation.

This means you will waste less water than if you had another type of fountain. The water source will remain uncontaminated and free of dirt since it is below gound and algae will not grow in it, so you will not need to spend a lot of time cleaning it. Finally, due to its smaller size, it is easier to install it where you want it than other types of fountains.

The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Feature in Rome

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and uninviting which was enough to keep people away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The task of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Keeping Your Outdoor Garden Fountain Tidy

Water fountains will last a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. It is easy for foreign items to find their way into outside fountains, so keeping it clean is important. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, as sun hitting the water allows it to form quickly. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be blended into the water to prevent this problem. Some people opt for pouring bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every 3-4 months.

First off you must drain the water. Then use a soft towel and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. If there are any little grooves, work with a toothbrush to reach each and every spot. Do not leave any soap deposit inside of or on the fountain.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and cleaning the inside properly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to scrub. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to eliminate any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Water Elements: A Must in any Japanese Gardens

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not have a water element. You will often find Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are regarded as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very straightforward.

Bamboo is a popular material to use for spouts and therefore often incorporated into water fountains. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically constructed of natural rocks, and water trickles out. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been out of doors for a long time. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people customarily decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. As you can perhaps deduce, this fountain is symbolic rather than just decorative.

If you want to get a bit more imaginative, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. The point is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

If you are fortunate enough to have a big piece of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a wandering brook.

Japanese fountains, though, do not necessarily need to have water in them. It is appropriate to use representations of water in place of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a rippling brook.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, commenced delivering the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had depended on natural springs up till then. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. In the early 16th century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish drinking water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Even though they were primarily designed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he acquired the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.


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