A Glimpse into the Beginnings of Fountains

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of invaluable writings from their original Greek into Latin. In addition, beautifying the city and making it the true capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions. Starting in 1453, the ruined Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had brought clean drinking water into the city from many miles away, underwent restoration at the behest of the Pope. 133_b_1__52678.jpg The mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom also restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by him. The aqueduct he had rebuilt included changes and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Solutions

With the manufacturing of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely only on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. During this period, there were only 2 other techniques capable of delivering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran underground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was initially constructed. The manholes made it more straightforward to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to fulfill his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the designer. Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Incorporate the Power of Feng Shui into Your Backyard

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your residence.

Do not worry if your yard is considered too small for feng shui design, as size is is not especially relevant. Of course, a large area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

The primary feng shui tools can be utilized for your home decor as well as your garden design. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to begin by understanding the bagua of the house.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to use each of them to intensify the energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is important to use it. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Give some thought to incorporating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).

Consider Buying a Self-Contained Fountain for Your Backyard

Self-Contained fountains are economical and quick to install and are therefore in demand. Since all materials are included with the fountain, no extra parts are required. Fountains that feature their own water supply are also referred to as “self-contained”.

If you are shopping for an easy-to-install water fountain for a patio or deck, a self-contained model is definitely for you. They are easily transportable too in case you later decide to move it somewhere else.

Once you determine where you want to set upyour fountain, your landscaper should confirm that it is not too bumpy or uneven. Lawns and gardens tend to be lumpy so your landscaper will have to level the area where you want to put it. Your water feature is now ready for installation and the addition of water. It is now time to plug it in using either an electrical outlet, a solar panel, or batteries.

The best choice for anyone who wants mobility and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. The center of a garden is a popular spot for a water fountain so as to get the most visibility, even though they can be positioned anywhere. You can buy them in many different materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle.

The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the whole territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures built in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent in modern times is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A monumental terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.


Outdoor Water Elements: Installation Tips
Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a convenient water source and an electrical outlet in close proximity. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romanticism of their new purchase... read more
How Feng Shui Make Your Garden into an Oasis
A water element is a suitable add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life). read more
An Introduction to Stand-Alone Backyard Water Fountains
Anyone who does not have easy access to a wellspring or external plumbing should consider a self-contained fountain. While a fountain can be a focal point anywhere in a garden, many people put them in the middle.... read more