A Magnificent Illustration of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Feature

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not often visited. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. 434_l__40564.jpg It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

A Small Garden Space? You Can Own a Water Feature too!

Since water causes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger. In order to achieve the maximum reflective properties of a water feature or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use underwater lights in different colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. The sun is required to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. Often utilized in natural therapies, they help to diminish anxiety and stress with their calming sounds.

The vegetation in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. Examples of areas where you can install a water element include large yards or small patios. The atmosphere can be significantly altered by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.

Factors to Know When Putting in a Garden Water Feature

A water source and an electrical socket are two crucial items that many people do not consider when determining where they want to put in their garden fountain. The practical side of setting one up is often neglected because people get so focused on the beauty of it. If you need an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as typical power cords are only 12 feet long. You will also need to have a water source close by so that you can easily fill your water fountain. Transporting water is hard and laborious. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain a great deal easier. A water fountain autofill is yet another solution, but will call for the help of an expert who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

The Importance of Water Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is whole without a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also find many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout.

It ought to have a worn-down, weathered appearance as well. People want their fountain to seem as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. Clearly this fountain is much more than merely a pretty add-on.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss progressively covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is plenty of open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Charming add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Many people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in real water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.

Modern Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. Residents of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. However, there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were usually immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fertile valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their citizens dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of gardening. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched illustration we have. The keep is rumored to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. On one of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.


The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The advent of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century greatly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the... read more
The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The advent of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century considerably transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and... read more
A Chronicle of Outdoor Fountains
During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V commissioned countless of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Turning the city into the worthy capital of the... read more
Choose from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles
Custom-made fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a qualified mason. The wall will need to have a... read more
What You Will Need for an Outdoor Water Fountain
A lot of people forget the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when considering where to locate their garden fountain. Sometimes new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new... read more