The Interesting Roots of the Fountain

The Roman scholar Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) took the initiative to have hundreds of ancient Greek books translated into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he decided to enhance the beauty of the city as well. Beginning in 1453, he called for the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had transported fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. brk-346__50387.jpg Nicholas V also embarked on the building of mostras, an old Roman practice of putting up imposing public fountains to indicate the terminal point of an aqueduct. The interesting background of the Trevi Fountain go back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which ultimately supplied the Trevi Fountain, as well as the renown baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the renovated and modified aqueduct.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started off providing the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then. If inhabitants living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the remaining existing systems of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a unique program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were previously established for the objective of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. To give himself with a more practical way to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Styles Available

Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not take up too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your wishes. It is possible to have one customized if you are unable to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

There are two distinct sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained variations which can be placed on a wall. Ordinarily made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Free-standing fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin situated on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Water features such as these are ordinarily made of cast stone and have no weight limitations.

Many qualified landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. The basin and all the required plumbing are best installed by a trained mason. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. The unified look produced by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery instead of an afterthought.

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and memorialize the designer. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles.

The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Container Herb Gardens: All You Want to Know and Then Some

An ideal herb garden can be created in a container. If you love being in the kitchen area or yard, you'll very likely be drawn to the world of herbs. These lovely plants are suited to any novice gardener; they are instantly fulfilling as they can conveniently be added to any recipe. An herb garden is simple to maintain once it is growing, and once autumn starts to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily bemoved - so they will last all winter long. The varying growth rates of herbs make for variant harvest times. Patience is needed for herb gardening, just like any other goal. Even though results might not be noticeable straight away, it is important to continue taking care of an herb garden as it takes time.

It is a little known fact that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were simply terraced roofs full of flora.

These waterproof rooftop gardens were planned to be constructed around a gigantic stone underpinning that would surround the massive storage rooms below. Water came to the terraces through hydraulic devices and the soil was deep enough to grow trees with efficiency. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were desired plants.

Typical Fountains Seen in Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that includes a bamboo spout. The water passes through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin below. Even when new, it should be crafted to look as if it has been outdoors for a long time. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people normally decorate it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

If you are searching for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Larger water features can be developed if there is enough open land. Think about adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain.

Attractive rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough together to give the impression of a babbling brook.


Introducing Container Herb Areas
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, magnificently one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces overflowing with plants. They were waterproof and made... read more
Commonplace Water Elements Found in Japanese Gardens
Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Attractive rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The... read more
Water Elements: A Necessity in any Japanese Gardens
There are different options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. In addition, flat stones can be laid out close enough... read more
The Popularity of Water Features in Japanese Gardens
There are alternative options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Many people prefer to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting... read more