The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

The advent of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century greatly modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. cs_165_designer_white__98921.jpg But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were fundamental structures that enabled their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly installed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The tranquil method of gardening was not viable in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most intact model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. On 1 of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who resided on hills had to journey further down to get their water from natural sources. If people living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the other existing solutions of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we observed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to satisfy his needs. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed below his property, he was in a position to suit his water desires.

Self-Contained Water Features: Are They Convenient?

Self-Contained fountains are economical and easy to install and are therefore quite common. The plumbing, pump, and other materials come with the fountain. One name for a fountain having its own water supply is known as “self-contained”.

Stand-alone water fountains are rather easy to set up making them the best option for your patio or veranda. They are easily transportable too in case you later decide to move it somewhere else.

The first thing the landscaper will need to determine is whether or not the land is level. If your landscaper thinks the surface is too bumpy, he can always level it for you. You are now set to install your water feature and fill it with water. The last step is to plug it into an outlet, a solar panel, or batteries.

The best alternative for anyone who wants convenience and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and position them right in the center, although they can actually go anywhere in the garden. Cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass are just some of the materials used to make them.

The Wide Range of Wall Fountains

Putting a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. You can also make use of a small area by having one custom-made. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are essential for freestanding as well as mounted styles. Traditional, contemporary, classic, and Asian are just some of the styles from which you can consider.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are typically quite large in size.

You can choose to put your wall-mounted feature on an preexisting wall or build it into a new wall. A cohesive look can be realized with this type of fountain because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

A Fabulous Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Waterwork

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have come upon an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water feature for the area. August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s foundation began. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the illustration of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

Typical Water Fountains Seen in Japanese Landscapes

You will seldom see a Japanese garden that does not include a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are seen as emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very basic because they are meant to call attention to the water itself.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically crafted of natural rocks, and water trickles out. Even when new, it should be crafted to appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. It is important that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. Needless to say, this fountain is something more than just a regular decoration.

An alternate approach is to buy a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, out in a much bigger water feature. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a meandering brook.

However, water does not need to be an addition in a Japanese water fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to symbolize water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to produce the illusion of running water.


The Many Models of Wall Fountains
Customized fountains which can be integrated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work... read more
Pets and Fountains
Ensure that you take your pet into consideration when you are planning on putting in a water feature. Your pooch could think that your freestanding fountain resembles a large pond to drink from or a pool in which to swim. Your pets will not be... read more
The Plusses of a Water Fountain to Your Daily Life
The introduction of an outdoor garden fountain to any porch, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. Outdoor water features can further improve even the most gorgeous space. It can be installed on the exterior ... read more