Common Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is whole without a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. 50251sl__56469.jpg Since water is the most important component of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The bamboo spout is positioned over the basin, typically crafted of natural rocks, and water trickles out. Even when new, it should be crafted to look as if it has been outside for a long time. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people customarily adorn it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. Obviously, this fountain is something more than just a basic decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. After some years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

Anyone who has an extensive area to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Lots of people add a koi pond or a small stream as a final touch.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Pretty rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The semblance of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

The Beginnings of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Roman academic Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) took the initiative to have hundreds of historic Greek books translated into Latin. He also initiated the beautification of the city to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world.

In 1453 he initiated the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from many miles away. Nicholas V also embarked on the building of mostras, an old Roman practice of putting up grand public fountains to indicate the terminal point of an aqueduct. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was instructed by him to build a wall fountain where we now find the breath-taking Trevi Fountain. The water which ultimately provided the Trevi Fountain, as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the rebuilt and modified aqueduct.

From Where Did Fountains Begin?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the designer responsible for building it. The main materials used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature.

To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Gravity was replaced by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

Everything You Will Require for a Garden Water Feature

When planning where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget vital details. If you need an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as typical power cords are only 12 feet long. It will be necessary to refill your fountain with water so make sure there is a source of water nearby. Carrying large quantities of water is difficult so you do not want to have to lug it a long distance. If you have thought about it before installation, having a hose nearby will make the task of filling the fountain much simpler. If you have an specialist on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.

Presenting Container Herb Landscapes

To make the optimal herb garden, consider container gardening. If you appreciate being in the kitchen area or yard, you'll very likely be drawn to the world of herbs. These lovely plants are suited to any amateur gardener; they are instantly gratifying as they can conveniently be introduced to any recipe. With a few minutes of daily attention it is simple to maintain an herb garden, and when the weather begins to change, planter gardens and potted herbs can be moved inside - it is trouble-free to delight in herbs all 365 days of the year. Harvest times vary for herbs since each type will have a different rate of growth. Just like any pastime, herb gardening warrants a degree of patience. Thought results might not be noticeable straight away, it is important to continue taking care of an herb garden as it takes time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were basically gardens planted on roof terraces. They were planned to be water-proof and positioned over a big, curved stone substructure with substantial storage rooms below. The terraces effortlessly grew trees simply because the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was provided to the plants through a hydraulic process.

Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were desired plants.

The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century greatly altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Engineering and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general population. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were straightforward structures that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The sterile fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most uncorrupted model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists now. The keep is thought to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.


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