A Magnificent Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. win794s__06564.jpg The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known neighborhood and was, therefore, not oftentimes visited. The part of town where it was located was depressing and bleak which generally kept visitors away. As part of an effort to revitalize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. After blessing of the first stone, medals with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were tossed into the foundation.

The Importance of Water Fountains in Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is complete without a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is meant to be the focal point of a fountain, you will find that the designs are kept very straightforward.

You will also notice many fountains that have spouts crafted of bamboo. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically constructed of natural stones, and water trickles out. In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. It is essential that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it.

As you can probably surmise, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

For something a bit more distinctive, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the area, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

If you are blessed enough to have a big section of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Nice add-ons include a babbling stream or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, nevertheless, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. It is appropriate to use representations of water in lieu of real water, such as sand, rocks, or natural stones. The impression of a creek with moving water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

It is important to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign elements that might have fallen into or onto it. Also, algae is likely to build up any place natural light meets water. To avoid this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Some people opt for adding bleach into the water, but the drawback is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should have a serious cleaning. The initial task is to get rid of all the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a mild detergent.

Feel free to use a toothbrush if needed for any smaller crevasses. Do not leave any soap deposits in or on the fountain.

It is highly advised taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and eliminate any plankton or calcium. To make it less difficult, soak it in vinegar for several hours before cleaning. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any components that might stick to the inside of the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is depleted. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Select from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Designs

If you want to have a place to relax as well as add some flair to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not occupy much space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. Your preferences determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

Mounted and free-standing fountains are available on the market. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be installed on any surface. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be light, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to replicate the look of stone. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these sorts of cast stone water features.

It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape experts. Employing an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. A custom-built wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified look.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to depend exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. During this period, there were only 2 other systems capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the brand-new process of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were initially developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, opening when he bought the property in 1543. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. To provide himself with a more streamlined means to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Multi-Tiered Fountains for your Yard

Fountains with multiple tiers can be found just about anywhere and have been displayed in gardens for ages. The nations in the southern part of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. While they can be located anywhere, they are most typical in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people get together. Tiered fountains come in a wide range of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively basic types.

While they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic surroundings. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the space and fit in accordingly.


Keeping Your Large Garden Fountains Clean
Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you see that the level is low. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you do not want that! read more
Installation of a Fountain In Smaller Backyards
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Installation of a Water Fountain In Smaller Backyards
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The Captivating Roots of the Outdoor Fountain
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A Wall Water Feature to Suit Your Decor
A stand-alone fountain can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. The appearance of your landscape will seem more cohesive instead of... read more
The Countless Types of Exterior Fountains
The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the... read more