An Absolute Roman Wonder: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

s_486__60842.jpg Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and uninviting which was enough to keep people away. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a fountain for the area. Work on the church's foundation started on on August 11, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Keep Your Outdoor Water fountain Clean

In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is important to practice regular maintenance. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Also, algae tends to build up any place natural light meets water. To stay clear of this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. Bleach can also be put into the water, however this is not an ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts suggest that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough scouring every three-four months. Before you start cleaning, all of the water must be taken out. Then use mild soap and a soft sponge to clean the innner part of the reservoir. Feel free to use a toothbrush if helpful for any tiny crevasses. Any soap residue left on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Some organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it completely. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to wash. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

And finally, make sure the water level is always full in order to keep your fountain working optimally. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Pick from all Types of Exterior Water Features

Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a haven of peace? The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

The splendor of a spouting fountain can be observed when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much trouble. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these water features.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. Even with a smallish backyard, it is feasible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains are not flashy water features when compared with a spouting fountain. It is simple process wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Choosing what to do is completely in your hands.

The primary attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Water streaming down multiple tiers of this water feature is the primary attribute of a cascading fountain.

A considerable amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These kinds of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a molded stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains made of glass are another type on the market. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, feature molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. Water features of this kind are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary forms and design. A wondrous effect is created when water streams down the sheets of glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. Often made of imitation rock, stone waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

The characteristic which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. The bubbling and gurgling at the uppermost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Gardens with little space are good spots to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread.

There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad varying styles, therefore, you will not have to settle on which one to purchase.

A Small Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Feature too!

The reflective properties of water means it can make smaller spaces appear larger than they are. Water features such as fountains benefit from the reflective qualities stemming from dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different shapes and colors, to show off your new feature at night. Sunshine is essential to power eco-lights during the day time while submerged lights are great for night use. The calming effect produced by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

Water just blends into the greenery in your backyard. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to install a water feature. The atmosphere can be significantly changed by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.

The Multiple Kinds of Wall Fountains

Placing a wall fountain in your yard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. Moreover, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are vital for freestanding as well as mounted styles. There are any variety of models to pick from most notably traditional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Usually quite big, freestanding wall fountains, also referred to as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.

A wall-mounted water feature can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or built into a wall under construction. A unified look can be achieved with this type of water feature because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

The Origins Of Garden Fountains

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional.

Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to provide potable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the nineteenth century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. Fountains enjoyed a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains built at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.


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