A Magnificent Illustration of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it hard to visit. alp_gxt688__21651.jpg It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. As part of a project to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. The task of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Fountains: A Must Have in any Japanese Landscapes

Japanese gardens usually have a water element. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also notice many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The water moves through the bamboo spout and accumulates in the stone basin underneath. It must have a worn-down, weathered look and feel as well. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people customarily adorn it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just nice decor.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. Eventually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Popular water feature enhancements are a koi pond or any sort of tiny pool, or even a wandering brook.

There are alternative alternatives if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Lots of people decide to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of moving water.

Keeping Your Outdoor Water fountain Clean

Water fountains will keep working a long time with regular cleaning and maintenance. A common issue with fountains is that they tend to collect dirt and debris, so it is vital that you keep it free from this. On top of that, algae can be a challenge, as sunshine hitting the water permits it to form easily. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. Some people opt for putting bleach into the water, but the problem is that it harms wildlife - so it should be avoided.

No more than three-four months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. Before you start cleaning, all of the water must be removed. Then use gentle and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. If there are any little grooves, work with a toothbrush to reach each and every spot. Any soap residue that remains on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean.

Letting it soak in vinegar for a few hours first will make it much easier to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain substances that will collect inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain working smoothly. If the water level slides below the pump’s intake level, it can hurt the pump and cause it to burn out - something you do not want to happen!

Everything You Will Need to Have for a Garden Water Feature

When thinking about where to set up your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. The practical side of setting one up is often neglected because people get so focused on the wonder of it. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to add an extension cord to reach the nearest 120v outlet. A convenient place to get water is vital since you will need to fill your fountain. Water is difficult to move manually from place to place. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain a great deal less demanding. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be attached to an external water line and requires a skilled person to install it.

The Root of Modern Outdoor Water Fountains

The Roman academic Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) took the initiative to have hundreds of old Greek books translated into Latin. Making the city into the worthy capital of the Christian community was important to him, so he also took steps to enhance it. Beginning in 1453, he called for the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The mostra, a monumental dedicatory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom also restored by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by him to build a wall fountain where we now find the breath-taking Trevi Fountain. The changes, as well as the extensions included in the restored aqueduct, eventually made it possible to supply the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

The Plusses of Pondless Water Fountains in your Backyard

The term “pondless fountain” is just another way to call a disappearing fountain. The source of the water is not visible because it is underneath the surface of the ground.

An ideal place for a disappearing fountain is anywhere that gets steady foot traffic, as it adds lovely visual and sound effects to the environment. They are available in an array of distinctive styles including waterfalls, columns made of granite, ceramic pots, and millstones.

There are many reasons to think about buying a disappearing fountain. There is no big pool of water that could pose a risk to anyone since the water comes from below the ground. This means that youngsters can safely be around it. Moreover, no water will evaporate because it is not subjected to the open air. Therefore, your fountain will not use as much water as other styles of fountains. This type of fountain is ideal if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither dirt nor algae can contaminate it underground. Lastly, it is easier to find a place for it because of its small proportions.


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Anglo-Saxons felt extraordinary adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the time of the conquest. ... read more
The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
Anglo-Saxons experienced extraordinary adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the... read more
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Water just blends into the greenery in your backyard. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Examples of areas where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios. The most... read more
The Broad Range of Outdoor Wall Water Fountains
A wall-mounted fountain can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds ... read more
A Wall Water Feature to Fit Your Design
A stand-alone fountain can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. Integrating this type of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than... read more