A True Roman Showpiece: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Incredible discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area around Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. ft-295_art_2__08202.jpg The nearby basilica is mainly renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and bleak which generally kept visitors away. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. The job of laying down the church’s first stones started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Add the Energy of Feng Shui into Your Yard

Experience the health benefits of feng shui by incorporating its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not extremely important when introducing feng shui design to it. A sizeable area is great for those lucky enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

The same tools you employ to introduce feng shui design into your living space can be used in the garden. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start by knowing the bagua of the house.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be incorporated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that section connects to self-cultivation and personal growth energy. A Zen garden with some nice natural rocks is perfect for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas ideal for a water feature.

Original Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, residents residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. Throughout this time period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of offering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the underground channel of Acqua Vergine.

Pozzi, or manholes, were made at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly 9 years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually designed for the objective of cleaning and servicing the aqueduct. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to gather rainwater. To give himself with a more practical means to gather water, he had one of the manholes opened up, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Consider Buying a Self-Contained Fountain for Your Yard

Self-Contained fountains are cheaper and easy to install and are therefore in demand. You do not require any more components because they all come included with the instructions for your fountain. There is another use for the label “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water reservoir.

Self-contained fountains are easy to install making them well suited for anyone needing a patio fountain. Due to the fact that they are versatile, it is simple to change their location whenever you want.

The spot you want to put your fountain will need to be even, so your landscaper will need to first determine if this is the case. Lawns and gardens tend to be uneven so your landscaper will have to level the spot where you want to put it. The next step is to put your water element in place and add water. The final thing still to do is to connect it to a power source such as batteries, a wall socket, or a solar panel, and it will be functional.

The best option for anyone who wants flexibility and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. While a fountain can be a focal point anywhere in a garden, many people place them in the center. Cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass are just a few of the materials used to build them.

Disappearing Water Elements: A Few of the Plusses of Having one in your Backyard

Disappearing fountains sometimes go by the name “pondless” fountains. You cannot see where the water comes from, because it is below ground. An ideal place for a disappearing fountain is anywhere that gets steady foot traffic, as it adds lovely visual and sound effects to the surroundings. They come in a wide number of styles, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

There are many special advantages to a disappearing fountain as opposed to other fountains. Any risk to anyone standing around it is averted since the water source is below ground level. That said, you will not have to be anxious about the well-being of your children. Evaporating water is also not an issue because the water supply is not out in the open. This means you will lose less water than if you had another style of fountain. This type of fountain is perfect if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither dirt nor algae can reach it underground. Finally, you can put one just about anywhere because it takes up so little room.

A Glimpse into the Origins of Fountains

During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the learned Pope Nicholas V authorized scores of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he decided to embellish the beauty of the city as well. The decaying Roman aqueduct which had carried potable drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his request. Nicholas V also resurrected the Roman convention of installing lavish fountains, known as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The fascinating roots of the Trevi Fountain go back to an older fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.


Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems
Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Over this time period,... read more
The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
Anglo-Saxons encountered great adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans.... read more
The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping
The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But yet... read more
Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Clean
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn... read more
The Interesting Origin of the Outdoor Fountain
Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the patronage of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He also undertook the embellishment of the city to make it... read more
The First Contemporary Wall Fountains
Hundreds of classic Greek writings were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. In addition, beautifying ... read more