The Splendid Santa Maria in Cosmedin Waterwork in Rome

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the famous marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not often visited. twf005__50887.jpg For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a sad and desolate part of the city. As part of an effort to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. Work on the church's foundation began on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

From Where Did Fountains Begin?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or shoot high into the air. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

A Peek into the Origins of Outdoor Water Fountains

During his rule (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the intellectual Pope Nicholas V directed scores of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. In addition, embellishing the city and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions.

The damaged Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his request. The mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a practice also restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains found in the Piazza Navona and the Piazza del Popolo were eventually supplied with water from the modified, rebuilt aqueduct.

The Truth About Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

You will rarely see a Japanese garden that does not feature a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is the most essential component of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Bamboo is a common material to use for spouts and therefore often added into water fountains. Underneath the bamboo spout is generally a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. It ought to have a worn-down, weathered look and feel as well. People want their fountain to appear as natural as possible, so they put plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

If you want to get a bit more artistic, try a stone fountain enhanced with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel.

Over the years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

More substantial water features can be designed if there is enough open land. Charming add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. Natural rocks that are smooth and laid out tightly together can be used to create the illusion of running water.

The Profound Effects of Water Elements

Your quality of life will be favorably influenced by a fountain as it not only provides you a place of peace and calm, but also serves to clean the air.

You might be amazed to learn of all the rewards of being around an indoor or outdoor garden fountain. All over the world coastal cities have large populations which may perhaps be linked to the fact that the human body is composed largely of water. While you could invest in an overpriced beach house or jump in the ocean every day to reap the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and less costly!

If you want to make your porch, patio, or back yard even more enjoyable, think about purchasing an outdoor garden fountain. You might be amazed how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more attractive with one of the many outdoor water features on the market. It can be installed on the external wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. Add elegance and the lovely sound of flowing water to your flower bed with a tiered model. Birds love birdbath fountains because the flowing of the water ensures that it remains clean and does not accumulate bacteria and algae. The final touch your garden area needs to be a haven of peace is the sound of flowing water.

Pets and Fountains

Ensure that you take your pet into consideration when you are planning on installing a water feature. Pets such as dogs could mistake your freestanding fountain with a big pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Your pets will not be negatively affected if you include a wall fountain to your yard.

Give some thought to the best spot to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you want to purposely attract birds, however, installing a birdbath is an ideal solution. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good solution if you want to avoid such issues. Dentists’ and doctors’ practices as well as stately homes are just a few of the areas where you can find these types of fountains.


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