A Real Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. Due to the fact that the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. wwdvs_cp_a_1000__03620.jpg The part of town where it was situated was depressing and uninviting which was enough to keep people away. As part of an effort to revitalize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Garden Fountains for Tight Spaces

You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. In order to achieve the maximum reflective properties of a water element or fountain, it is best to use dark materials. Use underwater lights, which come in many different shapes and colors, to show off your new feature at night. Solar powered eco-lights are great during the day and submerged lights are perfect for nighttime use. The calming effect created by these is oftentimes used in nature techniques to alleviate anxiety and stress.

Water just mixes into the greenery in your yard. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the core component of your backyard. Water features make great add ons to both large gardens or little patios. The right accessories and the best location for it are worthwhile if you want to enhance the atmosphere.

Anglo Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons felt extraordinary modifications to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, mostly situated in the widest, most fertile hollows. The bare fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of horticulture. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to assailants trying to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

Self-Contained Water Features: Are They Convenient?

People love contained fountains for their simple installation and lower price. You do not need any additional components because they all come included with the instructions for your fountain. Another name for a fountain having its own water supply is referred to as “self-contained”.

Stand-alone water fountains are rather easy to install making them the best option for your patio or veranda. They are also not difficult to move from place to place.

The spot you want to put your fountain will need to be even, so your landscaper will need to first determine if this is the case. If your landscaper thinks the land is too bumpy, he can always flatten it for you. The following step is to put your water element in place and add some water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it should be ready to go.

Since it is stand-alone and does not need an external water source or plumbing, a self-contained fountain is perfect for anyone looking for ease and convenience. Many fountain owners want them to be the focal point of their yards and put them right in the center, although they can actually go anywhere in the garden. There is a variety of materials that can be used to build them including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

The Purpose of Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

Japanese gardens usually include a water element. Since Japanese water fountains are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. It is uncommon to see extravagantly-designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Many people also get a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically made of natural rocks, and water trickles out. In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. People want their fountain to look as natural as possible, so they place plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

For something a bit more one-of-a-kind, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. After some years it begins to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss grows over the stone.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Nice add-ons include a babbling creek or tiny pool with koi in it.

There are other options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water.

The semblance of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your yard. The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your garden.

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Sizable, preexisting ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old estate.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a classy wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are doubtful because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big impact produced by spouting fountains. It is simple process wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just let your imagination to run loose.

The central trait of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water moves down multiple levels.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. Water then flows into a recipient or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

Glass fountains make up an additional group of fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this kind, highlight molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The flowing water creates a striking effect as it moves down the glass sheets. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass sheets. Often made of fake rock, rock waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards.

The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. This type of fountain is ideally suited for small gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar driven fountains have become more fashionable recently since they run on sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.


Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest
Anglo-Saxons experienced great modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the... read more
The Story of Fountains
Hundreds of ancient Greek texts were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He also undertook ... read more
The Wide Range of Wall Fountains
You can decide to place your wall-mounted feature on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. Incorporating this type of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than... read more
A Wall Fountain to Match Your Decor
On the other hand, a fountain attached to a wall can be added onto an existing wall or fit into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into... read more