A True Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

Remarkable finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and uninviting which generally kept visitors away. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. b-026__96292.jpg The task of laying down the church’s first stones began on August 17, 1717. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

Pick from Countless Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles

Wall fountains are well suited to little verandas or gardens because they do not require too much space while also adding a bit of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. Traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian are just a few of the designs you can choose from when looking for an outdoor wall fountain to your liking. While there are innumerable prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are obtainable on the market. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be hung on any surface. Wall fountains made of resin ( similar to stone) or fiberglass are usually lightweight so they can be easily hung. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, commonly referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. There are no weight constraints on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Many experienced landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it right. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, get a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than a later addition.

What you Should Know About Container Herb Landscapes

An optimal herb garden can be developed in a container. If you love being in the kitchen area or yard, you are going to probably be drawn to the world of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants give instant contentment since they can be used in daily meals such as soups and marinades. A few moments of care every day is all that is required to preserve an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be easily taken inside once the fall nights begin to change, making it last all year long. Each kind of herb has a different growth rate, making their harvest times differ. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. Do not expect to necessarily notice results on the first or second day, but it is important to care for an herb garden with consistency as things will develop with time.

The Legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were essentially gardens planted on roof terraces. These waterproof rooftop gardens were planned to be constructed around a mammoth stone underpinning that would encircle the massive storage rooms underneath. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic systems and the terrace soil was profound enough to cultivate trees. The plants that were selected were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Learning About Self-Contained Water Features

Self-Contained fountains are economical and quick to install and are therefore in demand. The plumbing, pump, and other materials come included with the fountain. There is another use for the term “self-contained”, a reference to a fountain that has its own water repository.

Since they do not involve much work to set up, self-contained fountains are ideal for patios and porches. Due to the fact that they are versatile, it is easy to relocate them whenever you want.

The spot you want to put your fountain will need to be level, so your landscaper will need to first decide if this is the case. Lawns and gardens tend to be bumpy so your landscaper will have to even out the area where you want to install it. Your water feature is now prepared for placement and the addition of water.

Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall outlet, or batteries, and it should be good to go.

Anyone who does not have direct access to a wellspring or external plumbing should look into a self-contained fountain. The center of a garden is a favorite spot for a water fountain so as to get the most visibility, even though they can be put anywhere. There are a number of materials that can be used to craft them including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

The Importance of Water Elements in Japanese Gardens

A water feature is an absolutely vital part of any Japanese garden. You will often find Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are thought to be symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts built of bamboo. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically constructed of natural rocks, and water trickles out. Even when new, it should be designed to look as if it has been outside for a long time. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more connected with nature. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just nice decor.

An alternate possibility is to get a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Before long moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Wherever there is plenty of open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Think about adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not have to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain.

Other alternatives include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. The impression of a creek with running water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Water Delivery Solutions in Early Rome

Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. Over this period, there were only two other innovations capable of providing water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that ran below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. Through its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. During the some 9 years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were previously designed for the purpose of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to fulfill his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residence.


Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Troubles
Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Rome, inhabitants who resided on hillsides had to travel even further down to get their... read more
The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Architecture and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the... read more
The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The advent of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century greatly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The expertise of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But there was no... read more
Keeping Your Outdoor Water fountain Tidy
One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can harm the pump and cause it to burn out -... read more
Keep Your Garden Wall Fountain Tidy
One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you don't want that! read more