A Real Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

a-570__22691.jpg Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the work to put down the foundation of the church. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Many Kinds of Outdoor Fountains

Turn your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of serenity. The comforting feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

The beauty of a spouting fountain can be seen when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existent, large pond. Esplanades and historical mansions often have one these fountains.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. If you are eager to include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to install one of these. Whereas spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a beautifully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Dependent on the design you have chosen for the garden, you could consider a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Contemporary gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more adventurous. Let your mind run free to decide on the best option.

Tiered fountains are alluring because the water moves down multiple levels. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

A substantial amount of space is necessary for an outdoor fountain, so another alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Since the reservoirs necessary for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Tranquility and well-being are some of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. Bamboo sticks are used in this sort of fountain to expel the water. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. However, this style of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. A wondrous effect is created when water streams down the sheets of glass. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water softly cascading down its façade.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has tubes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. The water returns gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point.

Gardens with little space are good areas to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by the sun. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

Guidelines for Installing an Outdoor Water Fountain

When planning where to install your garden fountain, do not overlook the fact that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Sometimes new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget critical details. Do not forget that an extension cord can be useful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the normal length of power cords. It will be necessary to fill your fountain with water so make sure there is a source of water close by. Transporting water is difficult and laborious. If you have given thought to it before installation, having a hose nearby will make the job of filling the fountain much easier. A water fountain autofill is an even better solution, but will call for the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

Incorporate the Power of Feng Shui into Your Backyard

Introduce feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can carry energy into your household.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not especially important when incorporating feng shui design to it. It is terrific to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can still introduce feng shui design.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your house. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an extension of your home’s bagua, so it is essential to figure out your home’s first.

It is also essential to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

Feng shui design calls for the Earth element, for example, to be integrated into the northeastern corner of your garden, as that area connects to self-cultivation and personal development energy. Since rocks epitomize the Earth element in feng shui, you might think about putting some into a serene Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

A water feature is a perfect add-on to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).

Original Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

With the construction of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. During this time period, there were only 2 other systems capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide drinking water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were added along its length when it was 1st created. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. To give himself with a much more effective way to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains

In order to ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is important to perform regular maintenance. A common concern with fountains is that they tend to gather dirt and debris, so it is essential that you keep it free from this. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can form. Stir hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular problem. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can harm wild animals and so should really be avoided.

No more than 3-4 months should really go by without an extensive maintaining of a fountain.

The first task is to get rid of all of the water. Then use a soft towel and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Make sure all the soap is properly rinsed off.

Numerous organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is recommended to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar overnight before cleaning. If you want to remove build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any elements that might stick to the inside of the pump.

Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain every day and add water if you see that the level is depleted. Allowing the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!


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