Multi-Tiered Fountains for your Outdoor Space

Fountains with more than one tier are very easy to find, and typical especially in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain typically have lots of tiered fountains. Typical places to see them are in courtyards and piazzas. Beautiful carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have much simpler designs.

Traditional or classic settings are perfect places for them. or_155_middle__41661.jpg If done correctly, anyone seeing the fountain will believe it has been there forever.

Where did Fountains Come From?

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for creating it. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Feature Worthy of Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is largely for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. As part of a project to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. Medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first stone.

The Root of Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains

Countless of ancient Greek texts were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Making the city into the worthy capital of the Christian community was important to him, so he also took steps to enhance it. In 1453 he commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried clear drinking water into the city from many miles away. In addition, the ancient Roman tradition of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an grandiose celebratory fountain, also referred to as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The water which ultimately provided the Trevi Fountain, as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the rebuilt and altered aqueduct.

Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Challenges

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the brand-new process of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel.

Though they were primarily developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, starting when he purchased the property in 1543. He didn’t get a sufficient quantity of water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his residential property to collect rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Designs

Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or gardens because they do not take up too much space while also adding a bit of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The myriad of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your wishes. Your preferences dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

The two kinds of fountains available to you include mounted and stand-alone models. Small, self-contained versions can be hung on a wall are known as mounted wall fountains. Ordinarily made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, this style of water feature is not limited in weight.

Many qualified landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be integrated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Employing an expert mason is your best option to construct the basin and install the necessary plumbing. It is also necessary to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. A custom-built wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which contributes to a unified look.


Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational ... read more
The Interesting Roots of the Outdoor Water Fountains
Hundreds of ancient Greek texts were translated into Latin under the patronage of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to... read more
The Myriad Styles of Wall Water Fountains
Custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. The basin and all the necessary plumbing are best installed by a trained ... read more