The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. kay-29320__04045.jpg Residents of cities, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Designers thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to exalt their positions by adding decorative baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

The Many Types of Outdoor Fountains

Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of tranquility? The soothing feeling created by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of including a water feature in your garden.

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. If your pond is sufficiently large, it can be incorporated without hassle. You may have seen one of these in a park or an old estate.

Wall fountains are an excellent example of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a little garden. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a wonderfully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends totally on the style of your garden. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about including a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain.

Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Feel free to let your hair down and choose something fun and audacious.

Water spills down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a feeling of tranquility and well-being. The water moves through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is placed at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up a different group of fountain. Producing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. However, this style of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as contemporary forms and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it runs down the surface of the glass. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it moves down the sheet of glass. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a viable option for your garden.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with tubes in the middle. In this kind of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the bottom of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. This is yet another solution for gardens with limited space. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the favorable effects they have on our environment. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of styles found on the market.

The Many Styles of Wall Water Fountains

Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a terrace is great when you wish to relax. Additionally, it can be made to fit into any wall space since it does not occupy much room. Whether it is stand alone or fitted, you will need a spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump. There are many different types available on the market including traditional, fashionable, classical, or Asian.

Usually quite big, freestanding wall fountains, also referred to as floor fountains, have their basins on the ground.

On the other hand, a water feature affixed to a wall can be incorporated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. A cohesive look can be realized with this style of fountain because it seems to become part of the landscape rather than an added element.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Solutions

With the building of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely only on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to areas of higher elevation. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Even though they were primarily designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to get water from the channel, starting when he purchased the property in 1543. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. To provide himself with a much more efficient means to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Root of Contemporary Outdoor Wall Fountains

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of invaluable writings from their original Greek into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he resolved to embellish the beauty of the city as well. The decaying Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his behest. In addition, the ancient Roman practice of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an grandiose celebratory fountain, also referred to as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V.

The interesting background of the Trevi Fountain go back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The changes, as well as the extensions included in the restored aqueduct, ultimately made it possible to supply the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

Style Ideas for Backyard Water Features

When you want to chill out for a moment and get some fresh air, a garden is the perfect spot. While it is not a simple task to build one, you will be grateful you did once you are able to relax and enjoy it. Investing in a breathtaking garden is good, as it will boost the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Many people decide to add to their landscaping by putting in statues or other art, re-doing the pavement of their driveway, planting trees, or adding a water feature.

The visual appeal of any garden can be really improved by just adding a water fountain. Where you once had a basic area, you will now have an outdoor wonderland. The ambiance of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will entice. Your fountain will immediately turn into the centerpiece of your garden or yard.


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