The Origins Of Garden Fountains

53265ct__24815.jpg A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Nowadays, fountains adorn public areas and are used to honor individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Display Worth Visiting

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was bleak and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. The job of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Water Delivery Strategies in Early Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started off providing the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then.

Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole techniques readily available at the time to supply water to segments of greater elevation. From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by using the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were placed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were manufactured to make it less difficult to maintain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had built on his residential property to collect rainwater. To give himself with a much more practical system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Wide Range of Outdoor Fountains

Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a haven of peace? You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your garden and creating a place of serenity.

The flood of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much trouble.

You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

Outdoor water features come in varied shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. If you are keen on include a water feature, but are concerned because you have a small yard, do not hesitate to incorporate one of these. Wall fountains make an understated impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. In a very straightforward procedure, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a beautifully textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Themed fountains are ideal when the design of your garden allows for them. If your bungalow or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider adding a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Modern-day gardens, on the other hand, benefit from something more audacious. Just let your creativity to run loose.

Water streams down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Water flowing down multiple levels of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are ideal for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a feeling of tranquility and wellness. The water moves through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up a different group of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional aspect. Gardens with many sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features.

The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a viable option for your garden.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the center. In this sort of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. The water comes back gently dripping down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Gardens with limited space are good places to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide range of styles available on the market.

Factors to Think About When Setting up a Garden Water Element

When thinking about where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. The practical side of setting one up is often overlooked because people get so focused on the beauty of it. Most power cords are 12 feet long and need a 120v outdoor electrical outlet, though an extension cord can always be added. A practical place to get water is vital since you will need to fill your fountain. Hauling water is hard and laborious. A nearby garden hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. A water fountain autofill is an even better alternative, but will require the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.

Why a Water Feature Can Make Your Environment More Enjoyable

Having a fountain around can improve your everyday life as the soothing sound of the water provides a sense of tranquility, and the movement of the water serves to clean and moisten the air.

Both an indoor and an outdoor garden fountain will help you in ways you might not even realize. Water makes up a large percentage of our body composition, and populations world-wide tend to gravitate towards coastal areas.

While you could invest in an extravagant beach house or jump in the ocean every day to enjoy the benefits of water, getting a water feature is much easier and less costly!

The addition of an outdoor garden fountain to any deck, terrace, or veranda will make a huge difference to your enjoyment of the space. You might be pleased how your beautiful outdoor space can be even more charming with one of the many outdoor water elements on the market. It can be installed on the exterior wall of your house above the patio, or even on the interior wall of a screened porch. If you have a flower bed, consider installing a beautiful tiered model there to add a sense of harmony. Due to the nonstop movement of water in a birdbath fountain, algae and bacteria do not build up, and birds come flocking to the pure water. Add the finishing touch with the enticing sound of flowing water in your garden.


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