A Magnificent Example of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

win738__11655.jpg Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The well-known marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. It was said that there was very little to see in this area because it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11. 1717 was when work on the church’s foundation began. Medals bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

Early Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome

With the development of the very first raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. During this period, there were only 2 other techniques capable of delivering water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to provide water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Although they were primarily designed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to collect water from the channel, starting when he obtained the property in 1543. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to fulfill his needs. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran under his property.

Tips for Putting in a Garden Water Fountain

Two things many people forget about when planning the installation of a garden fountain is a suitable water source and an electrical outlet close by. People sometimes overlook the technical details because they get caught up in the excitement of putting in their newest purchase. The majority of power cords are 12 feet long and call for a 120v outdoor socket, though an extension cord can always be added.

A convenient place to get water is essential since you will need to fill your fountain. Carrying large quantities of water is difficult so you do not want to have to carry it a long way. A nearby garden hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be connected to an external water line and needs a professional to install it.

A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Feel Left Out! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Dark materials alter the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature. Use underwater lights, which come in many different designs and colors, to show off your new feature at night. Eco-lights powered by sunlight can be used during the day whereas you can use lights to brighten your backyard at night. Natural treatments use them because they emanate a calming effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to place your water feature. Your pond, man-made waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s interest.

Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to put in a water feature. The atmosphere can be significantly changed by placing it in the best place and using the proper accessories.

From Where Did Garden Water Fountains Come From?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Pure functionality was the original role of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Acting as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. The main components used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to laud their positions by adding beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the nineteenth century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons encountered great changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general populace. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were often important stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents devoted time and space to tasks for offense and defense. The tranquil method of gardening was unlikely in these bleak bastions. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is exemplified in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched sample we have. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror.

An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an impediment to assailants wanting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the form of crude battlements.


The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better ... read more
Setting up a Garden Fountain In Smaller Gardens
The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to place your water feature. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Water features make great add ons to both large... read more
The Captivating Roots of the Wall Water Fountain
Hundreds of ancient Greek writings were translated into Latin under the auspices of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. He also initiated the beautification... read more
A Glimpse into the Origins of Wall Fountains
During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the learned Pope Nicholas V commissioned scores of translations of ancient Greek classics into Latin. Turning the city... read more
The Wide Array of Exterior Fountains
Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are becoming rapidly trendy. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the beneficial effects they have on our... read more