Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Seeing

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come across a treasure trove of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. brk-340__38675.jpg Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area because it was abject and abandoned making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's foundation commenced on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Learning About Container Herb Areas

Container gardening is perfect for natural herbs. Anyone who is attracted to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the field of herbs. Herbs bring immediate enjoyment as they can be used in any meal, and they are extremely easy to grow. A couple of moments of care and attention every day is all that is required to preserve an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be brought indoors once the autumn nights begin to change, making it continue all year long. Each kind of herb has a distinctive growth rate, making their harvest times differ. Herb gardening involves some fortitude, as can be likely for any new undertaking. Tackle your herb garden like an athlete practices his/her daily routines, results might come slowly but they will come; caring for your herb garden is crucial even when you do not see results right away.

The Legendary Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were simply gardens planted on rooftop terraces. Intended to be set up over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were water resistant and protected cavernous storerooms directly below.

The terraces successfully grew trees considering the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was provided to the plants through a hydraulic system. The plants most typically grown on the terraces were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Originate from?

A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to provide clean water and celebrate the designer responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles.

The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Many Styles of Outdoor Wall Fountains

Wall fountains are well suited to small patios or gardens because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of flair and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. It is possible to have one customized if you are not able to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

Mounted and free-standing fountains are available on the market. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Fountains of this kind need to be lightweight, therefore, they are typically fabricated from resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are of considerable size, have a basin positioned on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Normally made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

Customized fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the necessary plumbing.

The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, buy a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were frequently immense stone buildings set in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were built on windy crests where their inhabitants devoted time and space to projects for offense and defense. Relaxing activities such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The finest example of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstruction to attackers attempting to excavate under the castle walls. On 1 of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Things You Will Need to Have for an Outdoor Water Element

A water source and an electrical outlet are two essential items that many people do not take into account when determining where they want to place their garden fountain.

People sometimes fail to remember the technical things because they get caught up in the excitement of installing their newest purchase. If you need an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as standard power cords are only 12 feet long. You will also require a water source close by so that you can conveniently fill your water fountain. Water is hard to move manually from place to place. A nearby hose is handy when time comes to fill the fountain. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.


Water Delivery Solutions in Ancient Rome
Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Rome, residents who dwelled on hills had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. If residents living at higher elevations did... read more
From Where Did Large Outdoor Fountains Come From?
Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events. read more
The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping
Anglo-Saxons felt great changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Architecture and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of... read more
Setting up a Fountain In Smaller Yards
The vegetation in your yard is a great spot to fit in your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to become the core component of your backyard. ... read more
The Many Kinds of Wall Water Fountains
You can choose to place your wall-mounted fountain on an preexisting wall or build it into a new wall. Incorporating this type of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to achieve rather than making... read more