A Real Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a renowned marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was constructed in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. It was said that there was nothing worth seeing in this area, as it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI mandated the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water feature to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. or-148__09103.jpg The job of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or jet high into the air. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the artist. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles.

To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for amazing water displays.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to rely on local springs for their water. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the other existing solutions of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Though they were initially designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. The cistern he had made to obtain rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water demands. To give himself with a more efficient system to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Do Animals Like Water Fountains?

If you are thinking about buying a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your canine. Your pets will not be negatively influenced if you add a wall water element to your property. Your fountain may draw in birds who think it is a fantastic place to cool down, so it is important to think about where you will place this type of water feature. Putting in a birdbath is a fantastic alternative if you want birds to check out your yard, however. To prevent this, however, setting up a wall water fountain inside your home is a great alternative. Dentists’ and doctors’ practices as well as manor homes are just a few of the places where you can find these types of fountains.

Setting up a Wall Fountain In Smaller Backyards

Since water causes a reflection, small spaces will appear larger. Dark materials alter the reflective properties of a fountain or water feature. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to illuminate your new feature. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lights during the night. The comforting effect produced by these is oftentimes used in nature therapies to alleviate anxiety and stress.

The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. The versatility of water features is that they can be installed in large backyards as well as in small verandas. Considerably improving the ambience is possible by placing it in the most appropriate place and include the finest accompaniments.

The Allure of Multi-Level Fountains

Fountains with multiple levels can be seen just about anywhere and have been featured in gardens for many years. You can find a lot of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. While they can be found anywhere, they are most typical in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather.

All tiered fountains are alluring, although some have much more elaborate carvings than others.

Although they can be located just about anywhere, they seem particularly at home in more classic settings. If done right, anyone seeing the fountain will assume it has been there for many years.


Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Solutions
Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural creeks for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people... read more
Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome
Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who dwelled on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. ... read more
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The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. Architecture and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons... read more