A True Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Waterwork in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan artifacts have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The celebrated marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) is located in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. cs_132_natural_stone_1__97034.jpg For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a sad and desolate part of the city. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to build a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an attempt to make the area more popular. August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s foundation commenced. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Presenting Container Herb Landscapes

To make the optimal herb garden, consider container gardening. It is likely that a person who is captivated by the kitchen or garden,will most likely also be attracted by the subject of herbs. Cultivating herbs is simple and simple, and quickly pay off since they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. With a few minutes of daily care it is simple to maintain an herb garden, and when the weather begins to change, planter gardens and potted herbs can be carried inside - it is effortless to delight in herbs all 365 days of the year. Each kind of herb has a different growth rate, making their harvest times vary. Herb gardening requires some fortitude, as can be likely for any new venture. One must tend to an herb garden consistently, even though results might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

Remarkably one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were only terraced rooftop gardens. These waterproof rooftop gardens were proposed to be created around a mammoth stone underpinning that would surround the vast storage rooms below. The terraces effortlessly grew trees because the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was supplied to the plants through a hydraulic process. Well-known plants were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. Nonetheless the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more basic constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly located in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The serene practice of gardening was unrealistic in these dismal bastions.

The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is depicted in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most unscathed illustration we have. It is said that the keep was introduced during William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Landscape Fountains

Water fountains will last a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and insects often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things. Another factor is that water that is exposed to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. There are those who prefer to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should go through a serious cleaning. Before you start cleaning, all the water must be eliminated. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean inside the reservoir. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are tiny hard-to-reach spots. Be sure to carefully rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Various organisms and calcium deposits can get inside the pump, so it is advised to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it easier to wash. If you want to minimize build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water rather than tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that will stick to the inside of the pump.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking on it every day - this will keep it in tip-top shape. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

Design Options for Outdoor Water Features

Gardens allow you to escape into nature and be outside whenever you want. There is nothing as wonderful as one to unwind in, something you can keep in mind when you are working to get it set up. Both the “curb appeal” and the value of your real estate will be driven up when you put in an eye-catching garden. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; think about adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some special statues.

A water fountain can drastically transform the aesthetics of a garden. A place of balance and serenity will appear from what was originally just a plain spot. The feeling of your garden will be very different once you install a water fountain, as the calming sounds of the water will create an oasis for you as well as for the friendly birds and animals it will attract. Before you know it, the whole garden or yard will have a new centerpiece.

Tips for Putting in an Outdoor Fountain

When thinking about where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Sometimes new owners get so caught up in the romance of their new purchase that they forget vital details. The majority of power cords are 12 feet long and require a 120v outdoor socket, though an extension cord can always be added. Position your fountain in a place near a water source as you will need to refill it. Carrying large quantities of water is difficult so you do not want to have to haul it a long way.

A nearby garden hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. If you have an expert on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much easier in the long run.


Rome’s Early Water Delivery Solutions
Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, inhabitants who resided on hills had to go further down to get their water from natural sources. If residents... read more
Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems
With the manufacturing of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend strictly... read more
Acqua Vergine: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles
With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to be dependent entirely on... read more
Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Beginnings
Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
The Results of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
Anglo-Saxons experienced great adjustments to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the... read more
The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Landscaping
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The expertise of the Normans... read more