Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worthy of Viewing

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a treasure trove of heathen and Christian artifacts on the grounds of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The famed marble sculpture called the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) can be seen in the portico of the basilica nearby. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was located off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a drab and desolate part of the city. alp_gxt516__78919.jpg In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water feature for the area. The task of laying down the church’s foundation started on August 17, 1717. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Enrich Your Backyard with the Use of Feng Shui

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help spread its energy into your home and your life.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not extremely important when adding feng shui design to it. A huge area is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui methods are the same whether you are working in your garden or your house. The first part is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

It is also crucial to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to optimize its energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast portion of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. This could be the perfect place to put a meditative Zen garden with some attractive stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

People thinking about incorporating a water feature into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often designed upon windy peaks, castles were straightforward constructs that enabled their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. The tranquil method of gardening was unlikely in these dismal bastions.

The best specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

A Wall Fountain to Fit Your Decor

Having a wall fountain in your backyard or on a veranda is excellent when you seek to relax. Even a small space can include a custom-made one. Both the stand alone and mounted versions must have a spout, a water basin, internal tubing, and a pump. Traditional, contemporary, classic, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can consider.

With its basin laid on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are generally quite large in size.

You can decide to put your wall-mounted feature on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Original Water Supply Solutions in Rome

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. During this period, there were only 2 other systems capable of providing water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they utilized the brand-new method of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was initially constructed. While these manholes were manufactured to make it simpler and easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552.

The cistern he had constructed to obtain rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water needs. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was in a position to reach his water desires.

Things You Will Require for a Garden Water Feature

A water source and an electrical socket are two essential items that many people do not consider when determining where they want to setup their garden fountain. People sometimes fail to remember the technical things because they get caught up in the excitement of setting up their newest purchase. Since standard power cords are only 12 feet in length, you might need to connect an extension cord to reach the closest 120v outlet. Set up your fountain in a place near a water source as you will need to fill it. Water is hard to move by yourself from place to place. The best way to fill the fountain is with a nearby water hose. A water fountain autofill is an even better option, but will require the help of someone who knows how to set it up since the water has to go through an external line.


Modern Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Roots
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
Modern Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings
Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.... read more
The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and ... read more
Do Animals Enjoy Water Fountains?
Think about how your pet may respond to a water feature before you get one. Pets such as dogs may mistake your freestanding fountain with a large pool to cool off in or a pond from which to drink. Your ... read more
Factors to Think About When Installing a Garden Water Feature
When thinking about where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the ... read more
Outdoor Fountains: Setup Guidelines
When planning where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. The practical side of setting one up is often neglected because people get so focused on the ... read more