Original Water Supply Solutions in The City Of Rome

Prior to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, citizens who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing solutions of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the new method of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. Through its original building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were positioned at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. twf030_ei__98017.jpg While these manholes were manufactured to make it easier to conserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t supply enough water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Garden Fountains

It is important to carefully maintain water fountains for them to work optimally. It is easy for foreign objects to find their way into outdoor fountains, so keeping it clean is essential. Another factor is that water that is subjected to sunlight is vulnerable to growing algae. To prevent this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add right into the water. Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, however this is not the ideal option as it can sicken birds or other animals.

Experts advise that the typical garden fountain undergoes a thorough cleaning every three-four months. The initial task is to get rid of all the water. When it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a mild cleanser. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are small hard-to-reach spots. Do not leave any soap residue inside of or on the fountain.

It is highly recommended taking the pump apart to better clean the inside and get rid of any plankton or calcium. To make it less strenuous, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning.

If you want to eliminate build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any components that will stick to the inside of the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is consistently full in order to keep your fountain running optimally. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and cause it to burn out - something you don't want to happen!

Pets and Water Fountains

Think about how your pet may react to a water feature before you buy one. Your freestanding fountain may be taken for a big pool or a drinking pond by your canine. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a fountain feature in your outdoor area. Give some thought to the ideal place to put your water feature if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you wish to deliberately attract birds, however, putting in a birdbath is an ideal solution. To prevent this, however, installing a wall water fountain inside your residence is a great alternative. These sorts of fountains are great for dental and medical offices, not to mention stately homes.

Modern Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. To depict the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were basic structures that enabled their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. The purest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent presently is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time period. A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

Ways to Introduce the Positive Aspects of Feng Shui to Your Garden

Integrating feng shui design into your yard will help circulate its energy into your home and your life.

Do not be concerned if your garden is considered too little for feng shui design, as size is relatively unimportant. If you have a lush, beautiful one, that is great, but even a smaller area works well with feng shui design.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the tools are the same. Your yard's bagua, or energy map, is an extension of your house's bagua, so it is important to figure out your home’s first.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

The northeast corner of your garden, for instance, connects to personal growth and self-cultivation energy, and Earth is the feng shui element that is necessary to use it. This could be the optimal place to put a meditative Zen garden with some alluring stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

A water feature is a great addition to the following feng shui areas: Southeast (money & abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life).


From Where Did Large Garden Fountains Come From?
These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs. read more
Where did Garden Water Fountains Begin?
Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational events. read more
Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Beginnings
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational activities. read more
The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in... read more
A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Feel Left Out! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain
Water just blends into the greenery in your backyard. People will be focused on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your yard. Examples of areas where you can install a water element include large lawns or small patios.... read more
The Countless Possibilities in Wall Fountains
On the other hand, a water feature attached to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or fit into a new wall. The look of your landscape will seem more unified instead of disjointed when you install this style of fountain. read more