The Wondrous Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Display in Rome

Remarkable discoveries of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture found in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was relatively unknown and situated far from sight making it difficult to visit. Since the nearby area was gloomy and mostly uninhabited, people were not particularly interested in visiting it. wwlhs_ss__00759.jpg In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to put down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complete your home.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be higher and closer to a water source, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and memorialize the artist. Bronze or stone masks of wildlife and heroes were commonly seen on Roman fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise.

To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Impressive water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the power of gravity with mechanical pumps.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Vitalize Your Backyard with the Help of Feng Shui

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by introducing its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not particularly important when incorporating feng shui design to it. Of course, a big area is ideal if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your house. Since the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start off by understanding the bagua of the house.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should learn how to apply each of them to maximize the energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be positioned in the northeast portion of your garden which connects to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. The ideal addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas perfect for a water element.

The Many Models of Wall Fountains

Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains because they add style to an area with little space.

When looking at the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one best suited to your design ideas. It is possible to have one custom-made if you are unable to find a prefabricated fountain to suit you.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are available on the market. You can place a mounted wall fountain because they are little and self-contained. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are usually lightweight so they can be easily hung. Sizable free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins positioned on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these kinds of cast stone water features.

Landscape professionals often recommend a individualized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. A skilled mason is required to place the water basin against the wall and correctly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Typical Water Elements Found in Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an important part of any Japanese garden. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical cleansing, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. The design of Japanese fountains tends to be very simple because they are meant to draw attention to the water itself.

Many people also choose a water fountain that has a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be fashioned of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. It should have a worn-down, weathered look as well. Natural elements such as plants and rocks are commonly put in place around a fountain so that it seems more connected with nature. Clearly this fountain is much more than just a nice add-on.

If you are looking for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain made of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. Over the years it starts to really blend into the surrounding nature as moss covers the stone.

Anyone who has an extensive spot to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of small pool, or even a wandering brook.

There are other options if you do not want to put water in your Japanese fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are good alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. You can also assemble flat stones and put them close enough together that they look like water in motion.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century considerably transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Castles were more basic constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, mostly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The serene method of gardening was unrealistic in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most intact model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A significant terrace serves as a discouraging factor to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these terraces lies a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.


Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots
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The Far-Reaching Effects of Water Fountains
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