The Root of Contemporary Wall Fountains

During his time in control (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the intellectual Pope Nicholas V directed countless of translations of ancient Greek classics into Latin. He also undertook the embellishment of the city to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. Beginning in 1453, he called for the reconstruction of the Acqua Vergine, a wrecked Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. In addition, the ancient Roman practice of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was renewed by Nicholas V. At his behest, the architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the building of a wall fountain in the spot where the imposing Trevi Fountain now stands. wwdvs_cp_a_1000__03620.jpg The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains found in the Piazza Navona and the Piazza del Popolo were eventually supplied with water from the altered, rebuilt aqueduct.

The Countless Options in Garden Wall Fountains

A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to situate your wall fountain when you need peace and quiet. You can also make the most of a small area by having one customized. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted varieties. Traditional, modern, classic, and Asian are just a few of the styles from which you can consider.

With its basin situated on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are generally quite large in size.

A stand-alone fountain can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. A unified look can be achieved with this style of water feature because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Roma, citizens who lived on hills had to journey even further down to collect their water from natural sources. If inhabitants living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing systems of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from under ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they utilized the brand-new approach of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to meet his needs. Through an opening to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was set to suit his water demands.

Pick from Countless Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Small patios or courtyards are a perfect place to install wall fountains since they add style to an area with little space. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a custom-built fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

Depending on your wishes, you can choose from mounted or freestanding models.

Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained versions which can be placed on a wall. Ordinarily made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Free-standing fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin located on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. There are no weight restrictions on these types of cast stone water features.

Landscape designers often propose a custom-built fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it correctly. It is also essential to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains contribute to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

The Prevalence of Water Features in Japanese Landscapes

A water element is an important part of any Japanese garden. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned in the doorway of buildings or shrines. It is unusual to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains because the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. Even when new, it should be crafted to look as if it has been outdoors for a long time. People want their fountain to look as natural as possible, so they position plants, flowers, and stones around the fountain. As you can likely deduce, this fountain is symbolic rather than purely decorative.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then embellish it imaginatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. In time, as moss gradually covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

More substantial water features can be created if there is enough open land. Popular water feature additions are a koi pond or any sort of small pool, or even a meandering brook.

However, water does not need to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Good options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to create the impression of a babbling brook.

Keep Your Outdoor Fountain Tidy

Water fountains will keep working a very long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and insects often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such debris. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun combines with still water, algae can develop. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be dissolved into the water to avoid this issue. There are those who like to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

A thorough cleaning every three-four months is best for garden fountains. First off you must drain the water. Then use a soft rag and gentle cleanser to scrub the inside. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Any soap residue remaining on your fountain can harm it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and scrubbing the inside carefully. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to scrub. Mineral or rain water, versus tap water, is ideal in order to avoid any build-up of chemicals inside the pump.

And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain running smoothly. Allowing the water to drop below the pump’s intake level, can cause severe damage and even make the pump burn out - an undesired outcome!


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