Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Waterwork Worthy of Visiting

or-125__15898.jpg Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely renowned for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. Since the nearby area was depressing and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. In order to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water fountain for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the start of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in showing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Importance of Water Fountains in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water feature. Since Japanese water fountains are viewed as emblematic of physical and spiritual cleansing, they are often positioned at the entrance of buildings or shrines. Since water is supposed to be the central point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very straightforward.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The basin, which tends to be built of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout.

In addition, it is important to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. So that the fountain appears at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

If you are looking for another sort of look and feel, you can also get a fountain built of stone, place it in a bed of gravel, and decorate it with natural stones and live bamboo. In time, as moss gradually covers the rocks, it becomes even more natural-looking.

Wherever there is sufficient open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Give some thought to adding a delightful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not need to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. The impression of a creek with running water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Over this period, there were only 2 other technologies capable of providing water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill.

As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had constructed on his residential property to collect rainwater. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his property.

The Plusses of Pondless Water Elements in your Backyard

A second name for a disappearing fountain is a “pondless” fountain. The water flows from an underground source, hence the name. Disappearing fountains add mellow sound effects and striking visuals to any place where people gather. They are available in a wide number of designs, some of which are ceramic urns, waterfalls, granite columns, and millstones.

A disappearing fountain could be the best choice for you for many reasons. The water rises from underground and does not form a large pool above ground so any danger to those around it is reduced. As such, it is safe for children to play near it. Evaporating water is also not an issue because the water supply is not out in the open. This means you will lose less water than if you had another type of fountain. This type of fountain is ideal if you do not have a lot of time to clean it often since neither debris nor algae can get to it underground. Last but not least, because of its small size it can fit nearly any place you wish.

Outdoor Fountains Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Is it possible for you to transform your garden into a paradise of peace? Incorporating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as a variety of powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains create a spectacular impression. If your pond is significantly large, it can be incorporated without hassle. These types of fountains are often found in parks or historical stately homes.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. These kinds of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. While spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pushed back to the top.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Consider including something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden. Just permit your imagination to run loose.

Tiered fountains are charming because the water flows down multiple levels. Cascading fountains is another expression used to identify this type of fountain because water streams down multiple levels.

Since external fountains require a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These kinds of water features are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are hidden underground.

Tranquility and well-being are a few of the chief sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. Bamboo sticks function as the tubing from which water flows in these kinds of water features. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled recipient or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains composed of glass are another type on the market. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional aspect. However, this type of water feature is better suited to gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass panels. Often made of fake rock, rock waterfall fountains have water gently trickling down its surface.

A large rock drilled with openings which then has pipes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain.

In this type of fountain, water is forced upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water returns as a slow drizzle down the sides of the rock. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it starts to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best option since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in a multitude of different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to buy.

The Ideal Multi-Level Water Feature for your Garden

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and common above all in gardens. The countries in the southern portion of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. Likely places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. All multi-level fountains are enchanting, although some have much more lavish carvings than others.

People love to showcase them in places having a classic look and feel. The fountain should seem as old as the rest of the area and blend in accordingly.


Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest
The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. At the time of the conquest, the Normans... read more
A Small Garden Area? You Can Have a Water Fountain too!
The vegetation in your yard is a very good spot to fit in your water feature. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. The... read more
A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain
Your outdoor vegetation is a fantastic area to blend in your water feature. Your pond, man-made river, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Small verandas or ... read more
A Peek into the Roots of Outdoor Water Fountains
As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of important books from their original Greek into Latin. He also undertook the embellishment of the city to turn... read more
The Countless Choices in Garden Wall Fountains
On the other hand, a water feature attached to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. This style of fountain adds to a cohesive look making it appear as if... read more