A Magnificent Example of Roman Artistry: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian artifacts in Rome have stumbled upon a wealth of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The nearby basilica is largely famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. The situation of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was not in a well-known area and was, therefore, not frequently visited. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a sad and deserted part of the city. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. win322__50048.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was consecrated and medals bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

Anglo Saxon Grounds During the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the general population. Because of this, castles were cruder structures than monasteries: Monasteries were often significant stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to projects for offense and defense. The bare fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of farming. Berkeley Castle, maybe the most unspoiled model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists in the present day. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Roots

The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.

Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. Inhabitants of urban areas, townships and small towns used them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash, which meant that fountains needed to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and celebrate the artist responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains.

Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his superiority over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for public spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings.

The Multiple Types of Wall Fountains

You can find peace and silence when you add a wall fountain in your garden or patio. Additionally, it can be made to fit into any wall space since it does not take up much room. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are necessary for freestanding as well as mounted varieties. You have many models to a lot to choose from whether you are looking for a traditional, popular, classical, or Asian style.

Also knownas a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather large, and its basin is installed on the ground.

A stand-alone water feature can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. A unified look can be realized with this style of fountain because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

How Much Do Animals Benefit from Fountains

House pets may be dubious of a new water feature so be certain to take them into account before buying one. Your stand-alone fountain may be taken for a big pool or a drinking pond by your pooch. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a fountain feature in your outdoor area. You should take into account the fact that birds may think they have found a new place to bathe when they notice your fountain so think well where you put it. Setting up a birdbath is a fantastic alternative if you want birds to check out your garden, however. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good solution if you want to avoid such troubles. Grand mansions, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on show.

Rome’s First Water Transport Systems

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, inhabitants residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural springs for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the only technological innovations around at the time to supply water to segments of high elevation. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the emerging strategy of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. All through the length of the aqueduct’s passage were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access.

Whilst these manholes were created to make it easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had constructed to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water requirements. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his property.


Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Troubles
Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their... read more
The Impact of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The talent of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the... read more
The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed... read more
The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design
Anglo-Saxons felt extraordinary adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and farming at the... read more