Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Feature Worthy of Experiencing

94-908-1801__05322.jpg Incredible discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a recognized marble sculpture located at the entrance of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained mostly unknown. The part of town where it was situated was depressing and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. The job of laying down the church’s foundation began on August 17, 1717. The first stone to be placed in the foundation was blessed and medallions bearing the illustrations of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were also thrown in.

The Genesis Of Wall Fountains

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Water fountains were connected to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were an optimal source of water, and also served to decorate living areas and celebrate the artist. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains constructed to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Container Herb Gardening: All You Need to Know and More

Container gardening is the best manner to cultivate herbs. If you appreciate being in the kitchen area or yard, you are going to very likely be drawn to the world of herbs. Growing herbs is simple and straight forward, and easily pay off since they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you own planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be placed inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take pleasure in your herbs all year long. Each type of herb has a different growth rate, making their harvest times differ. Like any pastime, herb gardening necessitates a modicum of perseverance. One must attend to an herb garden consistently, even though results might not be noticeable on the 1st, 2nd or even 3rd day.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, famously one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces overflowing with plant life.

They were water-resistant and designed to be developed over a significant, curved stone substructure that held large storage rooms further down. The terrace soil was thick enough to easily grow trees and water from deep wells fed the plants via hydraulic devices. The plants that were well-liked were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.

The Countless Choices in Garden Wall Fountains

A small patio or a courtyard is a great spot to situate your wall fountain when you seek peace and quiet. Additionally, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not occupy much room. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are essential for freestanding as well as mounted varieties. You have many models to a lot to choose from whether you are looking for a traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian style.

Also knownas a floor fountain, a stand-alone wall fountain is normally rather big, and its basin is installed on the ground.

On the other hand, a fountain attached to a wall can be integrated onto an existing wall or fit into a new wall. Integrating this kind of water feature into your landscape adds a cohesiveness to the look you want to attain rather than making it seem as if the fountain was merely added later.

Choose from Many Outdoor Wall Fountain Designs

You can create a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are excellent adornments to fit into small space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, antique, contemporary, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to suit you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

Mounted and stand-alone fountains are obtainable on the market. Little, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be installed on any surface. Typically made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, big, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. Normally made of cast stone, these water features have no weight limitations.

Many skilled landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one.

Employing an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the required plumbing. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, get a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the panorama rather than an afterthought.

Water Transport Strategies in Historic Rome

Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people dwelling at higher elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill by way of the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Throughout the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. Whilst these manholes were created to make it much easier to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was employed by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he purchased the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had constructed on his residential property to obtain rainwater. Through an opening to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was set to fulfill his water demands.


Water Delivery Strategies in Ancient Rome
Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, citizens who dwelled on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. Over this period, there were... read more
Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean
And finally, make sure the water level is continuously full in order to keep your fountain operating optimally. Allowing the water to go below the pump’s intake level,... read more
Setting up a Fountain In Smaller Gardens
Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to blend in your water feature. Your pond, man-made waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to... read more