A Fabulous Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Fountain

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its entryway. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was built in 1719, it was off the beaten track and mostly unknown as a result. For the most part, visitors stayed away from the area because it was a bleak and desolate part of the city. As part of an effort to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. or_137l__21959.jpg August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s infrastructure commenced. Medallions bearing the imagery of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the blessing of the first rock.

Garden Water Features: Installation Guidelines

A water source and an electrical socket are two essential items that many people do not think about when determining where they want to put in their garden fountain. The practical side of setting one up is often overlooked because people get so focused on the wonder of it. Do not forget that an extension cord can be helpful if your 120v power source is more than 12 feet away, as that is the normal length of power cords. A convenient place to get water is vital since you will need to fill your fountain. It is difficult to move water from one place to another. A nearby hose can make filling the fountain much less demanding. The ideal setup is with a water fountain autofill, but this has to be hooked up to an external water line and needs a professional to install it.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design

The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Engineering and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before focusing on home-life or having the occasion to think about domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were basic constructs that permitted their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings commonly added in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. The tranquil method of gardening was not viable in these dreary bastions. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a discouraging factor to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge cut into the shape of crude battlements.

The Genesis Of Fountains

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as supplying drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

Pure functionality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their source of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were an excellent source of water, and also served to adorn living areas and celebrate the designer. Roman fountains usually depicted images of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the 19th century served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Contemporary fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enrich recreational and entertainment events.

The Beginnings of Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains

As the leader of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to commission translations of invaluable books from their original Greek into Latin. Continuing in his quest to make the city deserving of being called the capital of the Christian world, he resolved to embellish the beauty of the city as well. Beginning in 1453, he called for the restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a ruined Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Nicholas V also reinstated the Roman custom of installing grand fountains, known as mostras, to mark the end point of the aqueduct. The interesting roots of the Trevi Fountain date back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The adjustments, as well as the extensions included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually made it possible to provide the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

Presenting Container Herb Gardening

An optimal herb garden can be developed in a container. If you appreciate being in the kitchen area or yard, you are going to very likely be drawn to the world of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants offer instant delight since they can be used in daily dishes such as soups and marinades.

An herb garden is simple to maintain once it is flourishing, and once autumn begins to freeze, planter gardens and potted herbs can easily be relocated - so they will last all winter long. Each type of herb has a different growth speed, making their harvest times vary. Herb gardening requires some fortitude, as can be expected for any new venture. Do not expect to necessarily see results on the first or second day, but it is essential to tend to an herb garden with precision as things will develop with time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, famously one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were really just rooftop terraces filled with plant life. Proposed to be set up over an immense stone bowed structure, the rooftops were waterproof and secured cavernous storerooms below. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic devices and the terrace soil was profound enough to grow trees. Thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary were popular plants.


Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Solutions
Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for their water. Throughout this period, there were... read more
Modern Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots
Modern-day fountains function mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational gatherings. read more
The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
Anglo-Saxons encountered great adjustments to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were better than... read more
The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The expertise of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in architecture and agriculture at the time of the conquest. But before... read more