A Magnificent Illustration of Roman Expertise: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Waterwork

Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively obscure. It was said that there was very little to see in this area, as it was abject and desolate making it an unfriendly place to visit. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. 115438-4005__28227.jpg Work on the church's infrastructure started on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Consider Buying a Self-Contained Water Element for Your Garden

Since contained fountains are both low-cost and easy to install, they are very popular. All of the pieces are provided with the fountain even the plumbing and pump. Another meaning of “self-contained” is a fountain which comes with its own a water source.

Self-contained water fountains are rather easy to install making them the ideal option for your patio or veranda. They are also convenient to transport from place to place.

Once you determine where you want to put your fountain, your landscaper should verify that it is not too bumpy or uneven. Lawns and gardens tend to be lumpy so your landscaper will have to even out the spot where you want to put it. The moment has come to position your water feature where you want it and fill it with water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it should be ready to go.

Since it is stand-alone and does not need an external water source or plumbing, a self-contained fountain is optimal for anyone looking for ease and convenience. Many people place them in the center of the garden, but they can really go anywhere. A number of common materials can be used for fountains including cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Eye-Catching Backyard Multi-Level Water Features

Gardens are common places to display a multi-tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. You can find a lot of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. Public squares and building courtyards are very common places where you will find tiered fountains. Tiered fountains come in a wide array of designs, from elaborately carved styles to relatively simple types.

People love to showcase them in places having a classic look and feel. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the decor and fit in accordingly.

The Broad Range of Outdoor Wall Fountains

Placing a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is ideal when you want to unwind. Additionally, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not need much room. Whether it is stand alone or mounted, you will require a spout, a water bowl, internal piping, and a pump. You have many models to a lot to choose from whether you are looking for a traditional, contemporary, classical, or Asian style.

Stand-alone wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are relatively big and feature a basin on the ground.

A stand-alone water feature can either be incorporated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. The look of your landscape will seem more unified instead of disjointed when you install this style of water feature.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Water Wall Fountains

It is essential to carefully maintain water fountains for them to perform optimally. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign objects that might have dropped into or onto it. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can appear. In order to stay clear of this, there are some simple ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is harmful to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

A complete cleaning every 3-4 months is recommended for garden fountains. First off you must empty the water. Next use gentle and a soft sponge to clean the interior of the reservoir. If there is delicate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas.

Do not leave any soap deposit in or on the fountain.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should really disassemble it to get it truly clean. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it much easier to clean. Neither rain water nor mineral water contain ingredients that will accumulate inside the pump, so use either over tap water if possible.

Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by looking at it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you do not want that!

The Effect of the Norman Invasion on Anglo Saxon Landscaping

Anglo-Saxons felt great modifications to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. Engineering and horticulture were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before centering on home-life or having the occasion to consider domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures constructed in only the most productive, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on understanding offensive and defensive tactics. The bare fortresses did not provide for the calm avocation of horticulture. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most untouched example we have. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers trying to excavate under the castle walls.

A scenic bowling green, covered in grass and surrounded by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.


Where did Large Garden Fountains Come From?
Modern fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events. read more
The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The skill of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. However, there... read more
Installation of a Wall Fountain In Smaller Yards
The vegetation in your yard is a very good spot to fit in your water feature. Ponds, artificial rivers, or fountains are just some of the ways you can you can make it become the ... read more
A Glimpse into the Roots of Outdoor Fountains
As the head of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to authorize translations of important texts from their original Greek into Latin. Turning the city into the deserving capital of the Christian world was important to him, so... read more