A Fabulous Illustration of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers on the lookout for pagan and Christian relics in Rome have come across an abundance of them in the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Located in the portico of the nearby basilica one can find the celebrated marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth). Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain was relatively unknown and located far from sight making it hard to visit. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a drab and desolate part of the city. As part of an effort to modernize the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was instructed by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. win322__50048.jpg August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to put down the foundation of the church. The blessing of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Original Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced supplying the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then. If people living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing technologies of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To offer water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the brand-new tactic of redirecting the stream from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first created. Although they were primarily planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, opening when he acquired the property in 1543. It appears that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to fulfill his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat directly below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him accessibility.

The Innumerable Options in Garden Wall Fountains

Putting a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is perfect when you want to relax.

You can have one made to suit your specifications even if you have a small amount of space. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are essential for freestanding as well as mounted types. Traditional, contemporary, classic, and Asian are just some of the styles from which you can choose.

With its basin situated on the ground, freestanding wall fountains, or floor fountains, are normally quite large in size.

You can choose to place your wall-mounted feature on an existing wall or build it into a new wall. A cohesive look can be achieved with this style of water feature because it seems to become part of the scenery rather than an added element.

The Many Types of Exterior Fountains

Is it possible for you to convert your garden into a paradise of serenity? Integrating a fountain into your garden provides tranquility as well as numerous powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

The flood of water sent high up into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. It is doable to have one of these installed into an existing, ample pond. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Pick a stylish wall fountain to put outdoors. Such fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make an understated impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. In a very straightforward procedure, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to compliment a rustically themed cottage or garden. Consider including something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden.

Deciding what to do is totally in your hands.

Water streams down several levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water moves down multiple levels.

Since external fountains occupy a great deal of space, consider putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Since the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. The water flows through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the pattern repeated over and over again.

Glass fountains make up another group of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional aspect. However, this style of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. As the water moves over the surface of the glass it produces a dazzling effect. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it moves down the sheet of glass. With water softly streaming down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a viable option for your garden.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. In this kind of fountain, water is forced upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft trickle as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Small gardens are perfect for this kind of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by sunlight. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the motives for this increased interest. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

The Beginnings of Modern Wall Fountains

Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the patronage of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455.

He also initiated the beautification of the city to turn it into the true seat of the Christian world. Beginning in 1453, he called for the restoration of the Acqua Vergine, a wrecked Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Nicholas V also undertook the building of mostras, an old Roman tradition of putting up imposing public fountains to indicate the terminal point of an aqueduct. The interesting roots of the Trevi Fountain go back to an older water fountain he had commissioned to the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which ultimately supplied the Trevi Fountain, as well as the renown baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona, came from the renovated and altered aqueduct.

Ways Feng Shui Turn Your Backyard into an Oasis

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by adding its design elements into your yard.

When introducing feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small area is adequate. Of course, a big area is fantastic if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller spaces as well.

The principal feng shui tools can be used for your interior decor as well as your garden design. The first step is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is vital to start by learning how to bolster each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast portion of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. Since rocks symbolize the Earth element in feng shui, you might give some thought to putting some into a serene Zen garden in the northeast corner of your yard.

Consider integrating a water feature into these feng shui areas: East (health & family), North (career & path in life), or Southeast (money and abundance).


Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions
Previous to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Rome, residents who lived on hillsides had to go further down to gather their water from... read more
Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems
Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens residing at higher elevations had to rely on local streams for... read more
A Small Garden Space? You Can Have a Water Fountain too!
The greenery in your backyard is the perfect place to situate your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. Examples of places where you can install a water element... read more
Fountains for Tight Spots
Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic area to blend in your water feature. Your pond, artificial waterway, or fountain is the perfect feature to draw people’s attention. Small verandas or major gardens is the perfect place to ... read more