An Absolute Roman Masterpiece: The Santa Maria Fountain in Cosmedin

Both Christian and pagan articles have been found in by the load by archaeologists and restorers searching the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture found in the portico of the nearby basilica. twf006__93672.jpg Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. The part of town where it was located was depressing and uninviting which generally kept visitors away. As part of a project to modernize the piazza outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to take on the job. August 11. 1717 was the date when work on the church’s foundation began. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

The Innumerable Options in Wall Fountains

Putting a wall fountain in your backyard or patio is ideal when you want to relax. Moreover, it can be designed to fit into any wall space since it does not take up much room. A spout, a water basin, internal piping, and a pump are essential for freestanding as well as mounted styles. There are any number of models to pick from such as conventional, contemporary, classic, or Asian.

Freestanding wall fountains, otherwise known as floor fountains, are considerably big and feature a basin on the ground.

On the other hand, a fountain affixed to a wall can be added onto an existing wall or built into a new wall. This type of fountain contributes to a cohesive look making it seem as if it was part of the landscape rather than an added feature.

Presenting Stand-Alone Garden Water Elements

Since self-contained fountains are both low-cost and easy to install, they are very trendy. Since all pieces are included with the fountain, no other parts are required. Fountains that have their own water resource are also referred to as “self-contained”.

Self-contained fountains are quick to install making them perfect for anyone looking for a patio fountain. They are also not difficult to move from place to place.

The place you want to put your fountain will need to be level, so your landscaper will need to first determine if this is the case. Do not worry if the land is not level, your landscaper can always even it out. The moment has come to put your water feature where you want it and fill it with water. Last but not least, connect it to a solar panel, a wall socket, or batteries, and it will be ready to go.

Anyone who does not have easy access to a water source or external plumbing should look into a self-contained fountain. The center of a garden is a popular spot for a water fountain so as to get the most visibility, even though they can be put anywhere. You purchase them in myriad differing materials such as cast stone, metal, ceramic, and fiberglass.

Water Elements: Fundamental in any Japanese Gardens

You will never see a Japanese garden that does not include a water feature. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual cleansing. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is normally simple.

Many people also opt for a water fountain that features a bamboo spout. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. It should have a worn-down, weathered look as well. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural setting, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

If you want to get a bit more creative, try a stone fountain decorated with live bamboo and other natural elements placed on a bed of gravel. Eventually moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the possibility to build a more extensive water feature. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of little pool, or even a meandering brook.

However, water does not have to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Many people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. The semblance of a creek with running water can also be achieved by placing flat stones very closely together.

The Fascinating Roots of the Fountain

During his reign (1397-1455) of the Roman Catholic Church, the erudite Pope Nicholas V directed scores of translations of old Greek classics into Latin. Turning the city into the deserving capital of the Christian community was important to him, so he also took steps to embellish it.

The decaying Roman aqueduct which had carried potable drinking water in the into the capital city from countless miles away was restored beginning in 1453 at his request. In addition, the ancient Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an grandiose celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by him. The changes, as well as the extensions included in the repaired aqueduct, eventually made it possible to provide the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water to function.

What you Should Know About Container Herb Gardens

An ideal herb garden can be created in a container. It is very likely that a person who is fascinated by the kitchen or garden,will most likely also be enticed by the subject of herbs. Cultivating herbs is simple and straight forward, and easily pay off since they can be used in everyday meals, soups, and marinades. A couple of minutes of attention every day is all that is necessary to preserve an herb garden once it is planted, and planter gardens and potted herbs can be brought indoors once the autumn nights begin to freeze, making it continue all year long. Harvest times range for herbs since each variety will have a different rate of growth. Like all hobbies, herb gardening requires a certain amount of patience. Do not expect to necessarily notice results on the first or second day, but it is important to tend to an herb garden with precision as things will develop with time.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, were essentially gardens planned and planted on roof terraces. These waterproof rooftop gardens were intended to be constructed around a mammoth stone underpinning that would encircle the tremendous storage rooms underneath. Water was brought up to the terraces by hydraulic devices and the terrace soil was profound enough to cultivate trees.

The plants that were favored were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.


The Outcome of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was dramatically changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. ... read more
The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Garden Design
The introduction of the Normans in the 2nd half of the 11th century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The ability of the Normans exceeded the Anglo-Saxons' in... read more
The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping
The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the arrival of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The skill of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and farming at the time of the conquest. But before... read more
The Origins of Modern Outdoor Water Fountains
As the head of the Catholic Church, the scholarly Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455} decided to authorize translations of important books from their original... read more
The Broad Array of Outdoor Wall Fountains
A wall-mounted water feature can either be integrated onto a wall already in existence or fitted into a wall under construction. Incorporating this kind of water feature into your landscape brings a... read more
Factors to Consider When Putting in a Garden Water Feature
A lot of people forget about the need for an electrical socket or water source close by when contemplating where to put their garden fountain. ... read more