A True Roman Marvel: The Santa Maria Water Feature in Cosmedin

twf030_ei__98017.jpg Both Christian and pagan relics have been found in large quantities by archaeologists and restorers scouring the area of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture located in the portico of the nearby basilica. When the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was created in 1719, it was off the beaten track and generally unknown as a result. For the most part, people stayed away from the area because it was a drab and deserted part of the city. In order to refurbish the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Pope Clement XI commissioned an Italian architect by the name of Carlo Bizzaccheri to create a water feature for the area. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the task to lay down the foundation of the church. Medallions bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water”, were thrown in the foundation following the consecration of the first rock.

From Where Did Fountains Begin?

The amazing or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, in addition to providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply meant to serve as functional elements. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a source of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times utilized by Romans to beautify their fountains. Throughout the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create smaller variations of the gardens of paradise. The fountains seen in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Urban fountains created at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the essential drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational events.

Anglo Saxon Landscapes During the Norman Conquest

The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the eleventh century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Architecture and gardening were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire populace. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were fundamental constructs that enabled their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive programs, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently placed in only the most fecund, extensive valleys. Peaceful pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would try to mine the walls of the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

How Much Do Pets Benefit from Fountains

House pets may be wary of a new water feature so make sure to take them into consideration before buying one. Your pet dog could think that your freestanding fountain looks like a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to bathe. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a water element in your yard. Think about the ideal place to put your water feature if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. Install a birdbath if your goal is to draw birds to your yard. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good option if you want to avoid such concerns. It is common to see these kinds of fountains in dental or medical practices as well as in lavish homes.

The Perfect Tiered Water Feature for your Backyard

Fountains with more than one level are very easy to find, and common particularly in gardens. The nations in the southern region of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. Public squares and building courtyards are very popular areas where you will find tiered fountains.

All multi-level fountains are alluring, although some have much more elaborate carvings than others.

People love to include them in places having a more traditional look and feel. The fountain should blend right into the surroundings as if it has been there since the beginning.

Backyard Water Fountains: The Many Styles From Which to Choose

Gardens are great places to take a breath from the day-to-day drudgery and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. If you are planning to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the work it takes to do it right. The value of your home will go up with a lovely garden area, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” of the property. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; give some thought to adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some special statues.

A water fountain can make a significant difference to the beauty and tranquility of your garden. A place of harmony and serenity will appear from what was at first just a plain spot. The trickling water of your fountain will not only give you a calming oasis, it will also attract wild birds and other friendly local animals. The rest of the garden will immediately become just background to the beautiful new fountain.


Rome’s First Water Transport Systems
Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents living at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. When aqueducts or springs... read more
Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Clean
Lastly, make sure your fountain is always full by checking it every day - this will keep it in tip-top condition. If the water level drops below the pump’s intake level, it can damage the pump and... read more
Keep Your Large Garden Fountains Tidy
Finally, be sure to have a quick look at your fountain daily and add water if you notice that the level is low. Allowing the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that! read more
Setting up a Garden Fountain In Smaller Yards
The greenery in your garden is the perfect place to situate your water feature. People will be centered on the pond, artificial river or fountain in your garden. The flexibility of water features is that they... read more